Chios

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Chios,

Greece: see KhíosKhíos
or Chios
, island (1991 pop. 51,060), c.350 sq mi (910 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea, just W of Asia Minor. It is mountainous and is famous for its scenic beauty and good climate. The highest point is Mt. Elias (c.4,160 ft/1,270 m).
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Chios

 

(also Khios), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, near Asia Minor. Area, 830 sq km. Elevations on Chios range to 1,297 m. The island is composed primarily of limestones and shales. Chios has mediterranean shrub-type vegetation and groves of Aleppo pine. There are olive orchards, citrus fruit plantations, and vineyards. Goats are raised, and sardines and mackerel are caught. Antimony is mined at Melanios. The port of Chios is located on the island’s eastern coast.

Chios was one of the centers of the Aegean culture. The island’s earliest inhabitants were Leleges and Carians. These tribes inhabited Chios until the early first millennium B.C., when they were driven out by the Ionians. In the eighth century B.C. the island became a polis, whose economy was based on trade and handicrafts. The city of Chios was the island’s capital. The island produced the best wine, mastic, marble, and figs in Greece. It was also the site of the earliest Greek slave market. Chios was a center of ancient literature and art; it is believed to be the birthplace of Homer.

In the second half of the first century A.D., Chios fell under Roman rule. Between the fourth and 13th centuries, the island was controlled by Byzantium. It was subsequently a Genoese possession. The Turks ruled Chios from 1566 until 1912, when the island became part of Greece.

In southern Chios, near the village of Pyrgi, is the sanctuary of Apollo Phanaios (established ninth century B.C.), which has a noteworthy temple (second half of the sixth century B.C.). Also of interest is the medieval fortress of the Byzantine monastery of Nea Moni (1042–56).


Chios

 

a city and port in Greece, on the island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. Capital of the nome of Chios. Population, 24,100 (1971). Wine and fruits are exported.

Chios

1. an island in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Turkey: belongs to Greece. Capital: Chios. Pop.: 51 936 (2001). Area: 904 sq. km (353 sq. miles)
2. a port on the island of Chios: in ancient times, one of the 12 Ionian city-states. Pop.: 54 000 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The refugees living in Chios were also unable to work and could not enroll their children in local schools.
The group ingesting Chios mastic powder (high-dose group) exhibited a decrease in serum total cholesterol, LDL, total cholesterol/HDL ratio, lipoprotein (a), apolipo-protein A-1, apolipoprotein B (apoB/apoA-1 ratio did not change), SGOT, SGPT and gamma-GT levels; in the second (low-dose) group, glucose levels decreased in males [3].
Just over 20 miles long and 12 miles at its widest, Chios shows two distinct faces.
Amnesty International has called it "a historic blow to human rights", and was sending monitors to Lesbos and Chios on Monday.
Nearly 200 migrants and refugees left from Lesbos and Chios on board two ferries to nearby ports on the Turkish coast over the Aegean Sea.
ATyNA (CyHAN)- About 800 migrants left a refugee camp on the Greek island of Chios on Friday night and headed to the port to sail from the island, Athens News Agency reported.
Syrians made up some 80 percent of migrants arriving on the Greek island of Chios in the second quarter.
US Coast Guard Senior Petty Officer Carolyn Cihelka said nine survivors and one body had been picked up by a merchant ship called the Chios Dream about 180 miles southwest of Key West and 60 miles west of the west end of Cuba in the Gulf of Mexico.
Principal battles: Chios (Khios), Tenedos (Bozcaada) (1822); Alexandria (El Iskandariya) (1825).
ATHENS, Dhu-AlQa'dah 23, 1437, Aug 26, 2016, SPA -- Authorities on the Greek island of Chios say four people were injured overnight in a wildfire that threatened homes, as AP reported.
Migrants and refugees on the Greek island of Chios protested Friday a European Union deal that will likely see many of them returned to Turkey.
ATyNA (CyHAN)- Six Turkish police officers reached Greek Island of Chios as part of accord between Turkey and EU.