Also found in: Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Struggle), a Latvian-language daily newspaper published in Riga by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia (CPL) and by the Supreme Soviet and Council of Ministers of the Latvian SSR. Circulation, more than 200,000 (1976).

Cīņa was founded in March 1904 as the organ of the Baltic Latvian Social Democratic Labor Organization, and in June of the same year it became the organ of the Latvian Social Democratic Labor Party. It became the organ of the Social Democracy of the Latvian Territory in 1906, the organ of the Social Democracy of Latvia in 1917, and the organ of the Central Committee of the CPL in l919.

Between 1904 and 1917, Cīņa was published illegally in Riga and abroad; its circulation varied from 3,000 to 18,000. From 1917 to 1919 the newspaper was published legally in Petrograd and Riga and had a circulation of 16,000. Cīņa resumed illegal publication in bourgeois Latvia in 1919; with a circulation ranging between 3,000 to 9,500, it appeared continuously from 1919 to 1931, when its printing press was discovered by the authorities, and from 1933 to 1940. The newpaper was printed in Moscow and Kiev during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 because of the occupation of Latvia by fascist troops.

Cīņa was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1954.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Cina, Hrisco, 47 and mother to the couple's infant son, suffered from rheumatoid arthritis but had no history of other ailments.
Nella sua rappresentazione delle avventure dei commercianti olandesi nei mari della Cina, l'opera buffa mostra molto bene le idee dell'autore, dando importanza all'attivita mercantile e alla morale borghese, contro una classe superiore e ormai vecchia.
The early sections of the La Galigo are set in two prestigious Bugis kingdoms: Luwuq and Cina. Until as recently as 20 years ago, the precise locations of these kingdoms were unknown.
He said Istok and Cina told two scared male residents they would take them into the woods and break the legs of one of them.
He told how Istok and Cina went to the Teesside home of three strangers and imposed themselves on the residents.
Cina launched the fatal knife attack just hours after appearing in court for assaulting 23-year-old Zaneta on an earlier occasion.
18 December 2015 - Dutch property developer and investor Plaza Centers N.V.'s (LSE: PLAZ) Romanian subsidiary has now concluded the transaction to waive its leasing rights to the Cina property in Bucharest, which has been sold by the owner, the company said.
Asia, Cina, esotismo, Illuminismo, Metastasio, opera, orientalismo, Oriente, Stato Ideale
Metro bus Rawalpindi Sadar station has been assigned to a private school for decoration and beautification, Mareer chowk to Fatima Jinnah University, Liaqat Bagh to NCA, Committee chowk to Punjab Sports Board, Waris Khan bus stop to Punjab bank, Chandni chowk bus stop to Rescue-1122, Rehman Abad bus stop to Rawalpindi Waste management company, Shams Abad station to Agricultural university Rawalpindi, Faizabad bus stop to Rawalpindi arts council, IJP road bus station to Mines and Mineral department, Khayban-e- Jauhar bus station to PTDC, Potohar 9th avenue, Faiz Ahmad Faiz bus station to .Punjab Information Technology Board, Kashmir highway to NLC, Chaman station and Ibne Cina station to Lok Virsa, Islamabad Kutchery station to PTDC, Centaurus to NHA , Stock Exchange and 7th avenue to CDA.
International Conference on Nanotechnology and Future Material Engineering (2012: Wuhan, Cina) Ed.