claim

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claim

Law a document under seal, issued in the name of the Crown or a court, commanding the person to whom it is addressed to do or refrain from doing some specified act.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Claim

 

in Soviet civil law, a demand by a creditor that a debtor provide payment of a debt, compensation for losses incurred, or payment of a penalty or that the debtor eliminate defects in products delivered, an object sold, or work performed. In the case of socialist organizations, the dispute shall be turned over to an arbitration tribunal before a claim is submitted. Organizations and citizens that are clients of communications and transportation agencies cannot bring suit against these agencies without first presenting the claim to the transportation or communications agency in question. When there are defects in goods that have a stated guarantee period and are sold through retail trade organizations, claims are submitted within such periods, which begin from the Gay of sale.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

claim

[′klām]
(mining engineering)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in classic literature ?
One day in December Daylight filled a pan from bed rock on his own claim and carried it into his cabin.
On each creek he was entitled to locate one claim, but he was chary in thus surrendering up his chances.
The currents are too feeble"; second, Gray the CONVERT, who wrote frankly to Bell in 1877, "I do not claim the credit of inventing it"; and third, Gray the CLAIMANT, who endeavored to prove in 1886 that he was the original inventor.
Bell discovered a new art--that of transmitting speech by electricity, and his claim is not as broad as his invention.
On they came, a motley array, "some in rags, some on nags, and some in velvet gowns." One of them claimed to have done wonders with an iron hoop and a file in 1867; a second had a marvellous table with glass legs; a third swore that he had made a telephone in 1860, but did not know what it was until he saw Bell's patent; and a fourth told a vivid story of having heard a bullfrog croak via a telegraph wire which was strung into a certain cellar in Racine, in 1851.
And the third was the very significant fact that no one challenged Bell's claim to be the original inventor of the telephone until his patent was seventeen months old.
"On the 24th of April he sold his horse--said 'I'm just fifty-seven today, hale and hearty--it would be a PRETTY howdy-do for me to be wasting such a trip as that and such weather as this, on a horse, when there ain't anything in the world so splendid as a tramp on foot through the fresh spring woods and over the cheery mountains, to a man that IS a man--and I can make my dog carry my claim in a little bundle, anyway, when it's collected.
"On the 22d of June he sold his dog--said 'Dern a dog, anyway, where you're just starting off on a rattling bully pleasure tramp through the summer woods and hills--perfect nuisance--chases the squirrels, barks at everything, goes a-capering and splattering around in the fords-- man can't get any chance to reflect and enjoy nature-- and I'd a blamed sight ruther carry the claim myself, it's a mighty sight safer; a dog's mighty uncertain in a financial way- -always noticed it--well, GOOD-by, boys--last call--I'm off for Tennessee with a good leg and a gay heart, early in the morning.'"
I saw him an hour ago-- he's off for Tennessee early tomorrow morning--as usual; said he calculated to get his claim through and be off before night-owls like me have turned out of bed.
Location matters--More so than for most other coverages, workers compensation is a local item, affected by the intricacies of the individual jurisdictions' claims environments and legislated benefit structure.
"So far, this year, we've had a few reports of mosquito bites, but no West Nile virus claims," says Fortin.
Health claims refer to what a food or a food component does to the consumer.