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Related to CMV retinitis: Acute Retinal Necrosis


Inflammation of the retina.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the retina, generally in both eyes. It results from purulent infection of the retinal vessels caused by sepsis, a purulent focus, tuberculosis or other infectious diseases, or poisoning. Retinitis is usually accompanied by inflammation of the choroid (chorioretinitis). A characteristic development is the appearance of scotomata, or areas of depressed vision within the visual field that correspond to the inflammatory focus in the fundus of the eye. If treatment is inadequate, the depression of vision becomes permanent. Treatment depends on the causative disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers recruited a total of 240 AIDS patients right after their CMV retinitis diagnosis.
CMV retinitis and pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia were least encountered infection each accounting for 1%.
TABLE 1: OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS PROFILE IN INDIAN PATIENTS Pulmonary tuberculosis 35-50% Oral candidiasis 30-40% Cryptosporidial diarrhea 20-40 % Pneumocystis jirovecii 5-15 % Herpes simplex 5-15% Herpes zoster 5-15% Toxoplasmosis 5-10 % Cryptococcal meningitis 4-8% CMV retinitis 2-5% TABLE 2: Opportunistic Infections prophylaxis for HIV-infected patients (OD=once daily, BD= twice daily).
Although CMV retinitis is less common than other etiologic causes of acute visual loss in acute leukemia [17-19], high level of suspicion, timely diagnosis, and prompt treatment could prevent permanent visual loss [19].
We diagnosed the child of having bilateral eye CMV retinitis based on typical fundus features and history of treated CMV colitis.
CMV retinitis is a slow and progressive disease in patients with advanced stage HIV.
Permanent visual impairment in children with CMV retinitis may be prevented by timely diagnosis and treatment.
Twenty one patients presented with CMV retinitis in our study.
Interestingly, at that time, there was no hypothesis of eye tumor since the blind, painful eye was attributed to CMV retinitis related complications.
CMV retinitis which is associated with extreme immune suppression and high viral load is the main cause of blindness in that population [8, 9].
Before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), approximately 30% of patients with AIDS developed CMV retinitis, which declined in 75% of cases after the start of HAART.
Differential diagnosis includes idiopathic endophthalmitis or systemic associations: parasitic (toxoplasmosis, toxocariasis), bacterial (tuberculosis, syphilis, Lyme disease, brucellosis, endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis, cat-scratch disease), viral (CMV retinitis, HIV microangiopathy), fungal (fungal infection has not been found), neurological (multiple sclerosis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome, Behget syndrome), rheumatic (spondyloarthropathies, juvenile arthritis), gastro-intestinal (Crohn disease, Whipple disease), sarcoidosis.