CNR


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CNR

Linspire

An earlier Linux-based operating system for x86 PCs from Linspire, Inc., San Diego, CA. Linspire used the open source Linux operating system and came with the OpenOffice.org office suite and a variety of other applications to provide a desktop environment similar in appearance to Windows. It was marketed as an easy-to-use, low-cost operating system for PCs that included all the basic applications. Originally using the Debian version of Linux, Linspire switched to Ubuntu in 2007 (see Debian and Ubuntu).

Click-N-Run (CNR)
Linspire included Click-N-Run (CNR) installation, where users could download a variety of proprietary and open source applications with one click of the mouse. The basic level was free, but a paid subscription offered discounts on commercial Linux software. In 2008, Linspire was acquired by Xandros Inc., primarily for the CNR system. Xandros marketed a Linux distribution.

It Used to Be Lindows
Linspire was introduced in 2001 under the name LindowsOS, and the company was called Lindows, Inc. Soon after, Lindows received worldwide publicity when Microsoft sued it for trademark infringement, claiming the similarity of the Lindows and Windows names would confuse the public. In 2004, Lindows changed its name and brand to Linspire. See Linux.

riser card

(1) A printed circuit board for low-profile motherboards. The peripheral controller cards plug into the riser card and sit parallel with the motherboard. See low-profile motherboard.

(2) An expansion card that is used to physically extend a slot in order to make it easier to plug in the chip or card.

(3) A small PC expansion card that contains audio, modem and networking capabilities. When first introduced, it let manufacturers create custom systems for different audiences using motherboards that had none of these built-in functions. After audio and networking were built into the motherboard, risers were used for modems because they could be easily interchanged for international certification (homologation). See AC'97 and HD Audio.

Audio/Modem Riser (AMR)
AC'97 Audio, V.92 Modem
In 1998, Intel introduced software-driven audio and modem capabilities in the 46-pin AMR card as well as a Mobile Daughter Card (MDC) for portable solutions. Although motherboards were built with AMR slots, AMR offered little because it usurped a PCI connection, lacked Plug and Play and was software driven.

Communications and Networking Riser (CNR)
AC'97, V.92, Ethernet, HomePNA, USB
In 2000, Intel introduced the 30-pin CNR card, which added Plug and Play support and audio, modem and network functions. CNR included USB and took up one PCI slot. Ethernet and HomePNA connectivity was provided via the Intel LAN Connect Interface (LCI) or the Media Independent Interface (MIL).

Advanced Communications Riser (ACR)
AC'97, V.92, Ethernet, HomePNA, DSL
In 2000, AMD, 3Com and others introduced ACR to supersede AMR. Taking up one PCI slot, it accelerated audio and modem functions in hardware. For audio and modem only, it could be built with a connector to plug into an AMR slot. For networking, the card used a full PCI slot, colored blue and reversed.

ACR allowed modem, HomePNA and DSL to be connected over one telephone jack. It also supported multiple Ethernet controllers.


PC Motherboard Riser Cards
ACR cards can be designed to fit into AMR slots or PCI slots (blue and reverse from standard PCI).
References in periodicals archive ?
It involved the participation of speakers from the IT Institute of CNR: Adriana Lazzaroni, Laura Abba, Stefano Trumpy and Fabio Martinelli, from the ICAR Institute of CNR: Giuseppe Manco, and from the Zayed University of Abu Dhabi, Zakaria Maamar.
"After being awarded the contract to supply LRV's we were unnecessarily dragged into this (DOTC's) legal entanglement and, lamentably, because of the delay, stand to be prejudiced because of something that is not within our control and which we are not privy to," CNR Dalian said.
The section 'A new Made in Italy' displays technologies developed by the CNR, including 'no-wash fabric' (ISTEC-CNR), electronic sensors for detecting carbon dioxide in wine bottles (CNR-IFN), and third-generation photo-voltaic devices(CNR Nano and IIT).
The Complainants filed complaints with the Canadian Human Rights Commission, arguing that the CNR had discriminated against them under sections 7 and 10 of the CHRA.
With the CNR, Delphi is delivering innovation that provides the flexibility of individualized entertainment, information and communication."
The acquisition of CNR by Electrabel was cleared by the Commission on 29 April 2008 under the EC Merger Regulation but the Commission found that Electrabel already acquired de facto sole control of CNR in December 2003,more than four years before the notification.
For commercial Linux software publishers and ISVs, there is a free Publisher Program that enables vendors to quickly get their software products included in CNR.com and have them available for distribution.
CNR.com is a free standardized Web 2.0-based Linux software delivery service for desktop Linux users worldwide.
The FPSO Espoir Ivoirien was converted and installed for CNR by Prosafe in 2002.
Over the years the CNR system was tapped by more residents, the Redditt church, community hall, fire hall and the aviation centre.
It uses humorous--and sometimes downright provocative--images to draw attention to the liberal arts and spiritual topics covered in its curriculum, Fortunately for CNR, one of the world's most reknowned advertising firms--McCann-Erickson Worldwide--stepped in to produce the campaign gratis, since one of the company's executives is a CNR trustee.
The act was written before cell nuclear replacement (CNR), or therapeutic cloning as it is known, was pioneered.