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tropical tree (genus Cola) of the family Sterculiaceae (sterculiasterculia
, common name for some members of the Sterculiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of tropical and subtropical regions. The most important members of the family are the cacao, source of cocoa and chocolate, and the cola, the caffeine-rich seeds of which are used
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 family), native to Africa but now grown in other tropical regions. The fruit is a pod containing seeds from which is obtained caffeinecaffeine
, odorless, slightly bitter alkaloid found in coffee, tea, kola nuts (see cola), ilex plants (the source of the Latin American drink maté), and, in small amounts, in cocoa (see cacao). It can also be prepared synthetically from uric acid.
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, an alkaloid that functions as a stimulant. Cola nuts are chewed by the local populations and are exported for commercial use in soft drinks and medicines. Colas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Sterculiaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Sterculiaceae. They are evergreen trees, measuring up to 20 m tall. The small bell-shaped flowers are gathered into panicles. The fruit is a leathery or woody aggregate follicle with four or five carpels. There are approximately 125 species in tropical Africa. Several species, including Cola nitida and C. acuminata, are cultivated in the tropics, predominantly in West Africa. Their seeds, or kola nuts, which measure approximately 3 cm in diameter, contain up to 2.5 percent caffeine and 0.05 percent theobromine. The nuts are used in medicine and to make stimulating beverages (such as Coca-Cola).


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
Bodard, M. Contribution à l’étude systématique du genre Cola en Afrique Occidentale. Dakar, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Cola acuminata. A tree of the sterculia family (Sterculiaceae) cultivated for cola nuts, the seeds of the fruit; extract of cola nuts is used in the manufacture of soft drinks.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, kola
1. either of two tropical sterculiaceous trees, Cola nitida or C. acuminata, widely cultivated in tropical regions for their seeds (see cola nut)
2. a sweet carbonated drink flavoured with cola nuts
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Within Croydon we have developed a local campaign and as Coca Cola feels the need to come and visit Croydon for two days, I would like to suggest that we work in parallel at this event to make people aware on the day of simple sugar swaps they can do to reduce sugar in their daily diets."
"In some states, there are rulings that it does not make sense to distinguish between the base benefit and the COLA," she says.
Physical processes on land and their relationship to climate on a number of scales is another area that COLA is exploring.
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From an actuarial perspective, the proper approach for a typical healthy applicant is to purchase the COLA benefit regardless of issue age, even if a lower daily benefit must be purchased to keep the premium affordable.
There has been speculation that the flotation, which will make CCB the first Coca Cola bottler to be listed in London, would value CCB at around pounds 1.5billion.
"COLA restrictions would achieve considerable savings," the CBO has concluded, "by exacting small reductions in benefits from a large number of people, in contrast to other budget options that would impose large reductions in benefits on smaller groups of recipients."
Will it taste like the real thing--the classic cola without the brown cola color?
To test the cola theory, researchers led by reproductive endocrinologist Samuel Smith at Sinai Hospital of Baltimore assessed the effects of a popular diet cola on bone density in rats, reasoning that many women opt for such low-calorie sodas.
At least 10,000 people depend on Coca Cola or its supplier companies for earning their livelihoods in Pakistan.
Washington, May 05 (ANI): Scientists have reported development and successful testing of a new way to determine whether cola drinks that claims to be made with natural ingredients really do contain natural flavouring.