Just as teleworking (the hot topic of the mid- to late 1980s) presented management with the certain challenge of relinquishing their "control trip" (if I can't see you, you can't be working), so, too, groupware and CSCW
bring with them a new set of supervisory and management demands.
Consider an application common to PC-based CSCW
systems: a shared, on-screen white board, viewed simultaneously by all participants, that allows them to make revisions, draw figures, and so on.
In Proceedings of CSCW
'98, The Association for Computer Machinery, Chapel Hill, USA, (pp.
Nowadays it has been applied also in the context of computer science related fields, such as Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW
) and Human Computer Interaction (HCI) (see  for a survey).
However, within the field of CSCW
and HCI, collaborative information seeking activities have been investigated within different work contexts such as engineers (Pinelli, Bishop, Barcley and Kennedy, 1993)
The concept of activity as a basic unit of analysis for CSCW
The article poses a challenge to research and practice alike: to consider a broad framework of thinking that enables communities such as databases, distributed systems, CSCW
, and organizational IS research to take advantage of each others' results and methods.
Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW
) provides a virtual collaboration technology that offers participants a promising option of not being physically present at cooperation.
The World Wide Web as enabling technology for CSCW
: The case of BSCW.