modified the name from CSF to CSF2
. Its training has been delivered
Sleep was assessed with the 2-item (31) version of the Pittsburgh Insomnia Rating Scale (PIRS2), (32) which was also extensively analyzed in the larger CSF2
GAT 2.0 sample.18 The 2 items ask about sleep over the past 7 days with a focus on how much a person was bothered by lack of energy due to poor sleep and perception of overall sleep satisfaction, each answered along separate 4-point Likert-type scales.
(a) Estimates Regression results t-stat and P value Constant -0.103 (0.09) -1.13 0.25 ln gdp (t-1) 0.015 (0.01) 1.51 0.13 CSF2
0.011 * (0.004) 2.95 0.003 CSF3 -- -- R-squared 0.064 (b) Estimates Regression results t-stat and P value Constant -0.036 (0.09) -0.39 0.69 ln gdp (t-1) 0.0085 (0.01) 0.85 0.39 CSF2
-- -- CSF3 -0.0031 (0.003) -0.78 0.43 R-squared 0.010 Numbers in parentheses is the standard deviation.
Also highly proinflammatory neutrophils are chemotactic for CSF2
, and in line with previous studies  CSF2
was found to be constantly elevated in response to redox stress.
 Human genes: IL6, interleukin 6 (interferon, beta 2); TNF, tumor necrosis factor (TNF superfamily, member 2); IL2, interleukin 2; IL3, interleukin 3 (colony-stimulating factor, multiple); IL5, interleukin 5 (colony-stimulating factor, eosinophil); CSF2
, colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage); IL8, interleukin 8.
A total of 15 primer pairs were tested for amplification and sequencing of 13 candidate genes (PTH, CSF2
, FOLR1, BDNF, LDHA, RPS13, ADM, CAT, WT1, FSHB, MYOD1, IL4 and ADRB2).
This revealed the presence of chemokine (C-C motif), ligand 2 (CCL2; MCP-1), C-X-C motif chemokine 1 (CXCL1; GRO[alpha]), CXCL12 (SDF-1), colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2
; GM-CSF), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1; CD54), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-21, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1; SERPINE1) at distinct levels which were above background expression (Figures 4(a) and 4(b)).
This research was supported by a grant from Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness (CSF2
; HT9404-12-1-0017; F191GJ).
This study examined lifestyle habits--nutrition behaviors, sleep quality, psychosocial status, health habits, and physical activity--in US Army Soldiers through the introduction of a set of questions added to the Global Assessment Tool (GAT) as part of the Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness (CSF2
) program, and characterized differences between the healthiest and least healthy eaters.
Thus, we conducted an investigation, in collaboration with the Army's Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness program (CSF2
), to assess various health behaviors and habits of US Army Soldiers.