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(1) See computer system validation and software validation.

(2) (Comma Separated Values) Also called "comma delimited," CSV is a text-based data record format that separates fields with a comma and ends with a line break (although a few implementations support line breaks within the record). Widely used as a data exchange format, spreadsheets as well as many other business applications can read and write comma delimited files. The text may be surrounded with quotes as follows:

  Pat Smith,Bath,PA,18014
  "Pat Smith","Bath","PA","18014"

  Ken Salazar,New York,NY,10001
  "Ken Salazar","New York","NY","10001"

Commas and Double Quotes
If the data contain commas, those fields must be quoted. If the data contain double quotes, the field must be quoted and two double quotes must be used:

text:  the "Black Friday" discount  CSV:  "the ""Black Friday"" discount"

Decimal Commas
Europe, Russia, Central and South America and some African countries use a comma for a decimal point, in which case, the CSV format would use a tab character or semicolon instead of the comma.

  Pat Smith;Bath,PA;18014
  Ken Salazar;New York;NY;10001
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Liverpool-based organisation is partnering with Big Issue Invest Corporate Social Venturing (CSV) and Fusion21 to deliver the event at its new Norfolk Street offices on March 12.
The CSV in Guinayangan, Quezon, illustrates how the local government can use its natural resources to address the impacts of climate change, said Emilita Monville Oro, IIRR country director and acting regional director for Asia.
Under the CSV initiative, the Nestle Healthy Kids program this year reached out to more than 180,000 children in the rural, suburban and urban areas, training over 800 teachers on nutrition in 250 schools across the country.
CSV invites boys and girls ages 11 to 18 to join its national and traditional programs and compete in local, regional, and national tournaments this summer.
CSV was evaluated in our patients using the Pelli-Robson chart and the CSV-1000E test.
In Asia, there were three areas designated for this CSV contribution.
Comprising three volumes, the Annual Report is based on a CSV Report, a Management Report and a volume on Financial Highlights.
The Corporate Social Venturing (CSV) programme provides mentoring and financial support to early stage social businesses.
I remember one particularly tedious experience where our accounting department was given a folder of more than 200 CSV files that had to be combined into a single Excel workbook.
The prepared PVAc-modified com starch (CSV) was then blended with PHB where the grafted PVAc was expected to increase their compatibility.