ayahuasca

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ayahuasca

or

yagé,

drink made by boiling various South American plants, used for centuries by shamans of traditional societies in the Amazon region in religious and healing ceremonies. It is usually made with the ayahuasca vine (Banisteriopsis caapi), which contains monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and the leaves of the chacruna plant (Psychotria viridis) or of the chacropanga plant (Diplopterys cabrerana), both of which contain N,N-dimethyltriptamine (DMT), in addition to other plants. DMT is a psychoactive compound that acts as a hallucinogenic drughallucinogenic drug
, any of a group of substances that alter consciousness; also called psychotomimetic (i.e., mimicking psychosis), mind-expanding, or psychedelic drug.
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 when MAOIs prevent the body from breaking it down. The drink also is a powerful emetic. In more recent years, ayahuasca has been used by many Westerners seeking altered states of consciousness, often as a means of personal growth, and has been investigated by scientific researchers for possible psychotherapeutic and other medicinal uses.
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Various alkaloid profiles in decoctions of Banisteriopsis caapi. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 37 (2): 151-5.
caapi possess the ability to inhibit monoamine-oxidase subtype-A (MAO-A) enzymes, which are found in the gut and liver.
caapi was carefully washed in water and pounded with wooden mallets, whereas the leaves of P.
Entre las plantas americanas con efecto psicoactivo se destacan Erythroxylum coca (coca), Banisteriopsis caapi (yaje o ayahuasca), Lophophora williamsii (peyote), Echinopsis lageniformis (achuma), Nicotiana tabacum (tabaco) Anadenanthera colubrina y A.
The main ingredient of this shamanic tea or brew is a vine called Banisteriopsis caapi.
Psychedelics have no medicinal value: Psychedelics, particularly natural drugs like mushrooms and ayahuasca, which is derived from boiled Banisteriopsis caapi (yage) and Psychotria Viridis (chacruna) vines, were used in ancient spiritual rituals, and to cure ailments and heal people long before modern day medicines filled pharmacy shelves.
Ayahuasca is a vegetable beverage cooked on fire, a lightly dense liquid for oral administration that is native to the Amazon forest; it contains, at least, two kinds of plants: the Banisteriopsis caapi vine (a source of harmine and harmaline, with a monoamine oxidase inhibiting action -IMAO) and the Psychotria viridis bush (rich in DMT).
Tekwani et al., "Banisteriopsis caapi, a unique combination of MAO inhibitory and antioxidative constituents for the activities relevant to neurodegenerative disorders and Parkinson's disease," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
(3.) Sikuani shamans chew capi (Banisteriopsis caapi) and inhale yopo powder (Anadenanthera peregrina) as entheogens (psycho-active substances).
Of chief importance is the pan Amazonian hallucinogenic brew Ayahuasca, which is a preparation containing Beta carboline alkaloids (viz.Harmine, Harmaline and tetrahydroharmine, which act as MAOIs) contained in the vine Banisteriopsis caapi , which is boiled with the leafs of DMT containing plants, commonly used are Psychotria viridis, P.