Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


Caddo (kădˈō), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). These people gave their name not only to the linguistic branch but also to the Caddo confederacy, a loose federation of tribes that in prehistoric times occupied lands from the Red River valley in Louisiana to the Brazos River valley in Texas and N into Arkansas and Kansas. Members, besides the Caddo, included the Arikara, the Pawnee, the Wichita, and others. The culture of these loosely knit peoples was similar. Generally they were sedentary, living in villages of conical huts, although they did raise horses. The culture of the Caddo proper was marked by a clearly defined system of social stratification and by a religion that closely regulated daily life. Some now reside on tribal land in Oklahoma. In 1990 there were 3,000 Caddo in the United States.


See J. T. Hughes, Prehistory of the Caddoan-Speaking Tribes (1968).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He is just a great young man,' Caddo Hills School District teacher Kathy Baker said.
The closing of the transaction represents a significant milestone for Suwannee and Caddo, each of which Blue Wolf acquired and invested in after the companies struggled in the wake of the financial crisis.
"The credit union has engaged in unfair and deceptive trade practices by using the names and marks, Red River Employees Federal Credit Union and Red River Credit Union, and the credit union logo, and variations of the foregoing in connection with its credit union services in Louisiana, and most especially in Bossier and Caddo parishes," it added.
These are the words of a former district attorney who routinely and proudly sought the death penalty in Caddo Parish.
turcicus in 11 counties in southwestern Oklahoma from which they were not previously known (Caddo, Grady, Jackson, Tillman, McClain, Garvin, Carter, Love, Stephens, Jefferson, and Cotton; Table 1 and Fig.
In response, school officials released a letter asserting, "Caddo will review the appropriate method of instruction with the teacher and make sure she complies with the curriculum and the law.
In one year, car safety seat use increased from about 56 percent to more than 73 percent in the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, said Program Director Toni Short during a Feb.
Thus, Multicultural Education magazine first appeared in the Summer of 1993, sponsored by NAME and published by Caddo Gap Press, with Priscilla serving as the founding editor.
In Caddo Indians: Where We Came From, ethnohistorian and Caddo Cecile Elkins Carter documented a disjuncture between Caddo ways of doing history and her academic education.
Notes and Abstracts in American and International Education is published twice a year for The University of Michigan Associates in the Social Foundations of Education by Caddo Gap Press.
Abstract.--The effects of herbivory and flooding were examined on survival and growth of planted baldcypress (Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.) saplings at three sites in Caddo Lake, TX, over a 4-yr period.