In addition, studies have identified the following components: eugenol (70-80%), 1,8-cineol, [alpha]-humulene, [beta]-caryophyllene and cadinene
derivatives (Tucker et al.
Other components of the oil include (-)-alpha-bisabolol oxide A and B, (-)-alpha-bisabolone oxide A, spiroethers (cis- and trans- en-yn-dicycloether), sesquiterpenes (anthecotulid), cadinene
, farnesene, furfural, spathulenol, and proazulene (matricarin and matricin).
Brun and Mossi  identified 15 compounds in an oil from the leaves of surinam cherry trees from Erechim--RS--ocimene, [beta]-elemeno, [beta]-caryophyllene, elemeno, trans-caryophyllene, bicyclogermacrene, curzerene, cadinene
, germacrenol B, spathulenol, selina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one, astragalone, furanedione, germacron and oxidoselina-1,3,7(11)-trien-8-one.
Studies on peppermint and its species shows that its leaf and essential oil include such components as acetaldehyde, amyl alcohol, esters of mannitol, limonene, pinene, phellandrene, cadinene
, pulegone, dimethyl sulfide, alpha-pinene, sabinene, terpinolene, ocimene, gamma-terpinene, alpha- and betathujone, and citronellol.
This compound of a cadinene
skeleton with a unique 1,2,4-trioxane segment, responsible for antimalarial activity of A.
The cade oil contains mainly carbides including cadinene
(a) and guaiacol (b): a phenol (Figure 9) .
brasiliensis apolar extracts revealed the presence of triterpenes and sesquiterpenes, such as hidroxigermacreno, lupeol, [beta]-amyrin acetate, spathulenol, cadinene
, cadinol, oplopanona acetate, and [alpha]-acetoxy-[beta]-amyrin (20).
betle leaf oil is known to contain primarily a class of allylbenzene compounds such as chevibetol, chavicol, hydroxychavicol (allylpyrocatechol, APC), estragole, eugenol, methyl eugenol, monoterpenes, para-cymene and terpinene, monoterpenoids, eucalyptol, and carvacrol, as well as sesquiterpenes, cadinene
, and caryophyllene.
The seeds and fruits of the plant contain d-[alpha]-pinene, camphene, pectins, glycolic acid, malic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, cyclohexitol, terpene, proteins, fermentable sugars, wax, gum, ascorbic acid, dihydrojunene, [beta]-pinene, hydrocarbon-junene, cadinene
, juniper, and camphor .
New Alloaromadendrane, Cadinene
and Cyclocopacamphane Type Sesquiterpene Derivatives and Bibenzyls from Dendrobium nobile.
Isoborneol, borneol and cadinene
demonstrated antiseptic properties, combined with the ability of juniper oil to stimulate kidney activity contributes to its use as a mild diuretic and as a hypotensive agent (Brandies 1996, Jean Valnet 1982, and Marcel 1990).
Moreover, manool, E-nerolidol, germacrene D, benzyl benzoate, palmitic acid, methyl palmitate d- Cadinene
and anthranilic acid, were identified as the major components.