Cadorna, Luigi

Cadorna, Luigi

(lo͞oē`jē kädôr`nä), 1850–1928, Italian field marshal. His father, Raffaele Cadorna, was a general in the wars of the Risorgimento and took Rome in 1870. Luigi Cadorna, a count, became the head of the army general staff and reorganized the Italian army before World War I. Until the Italian defeat at Caporetto in 1917 he was in fact commander of military operations, while King Victor Emmanuel IIIVictor Emmanuel III,
1869–1947, king of Italy (1900–1946), emperor of Ethiopia (1936–43), king of Albania (1939–43), son and successor of Humbert I. In 1896 he married Princess Helena of Montenegro.
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 was nominally commander in chief. Cadorna wrote two military works on World War I and a biography of his father.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cadorna, Luigi

 

Born Sept. 4, 1850, in Pallanza; died Dec. 23, 1928, in Bordighera. Italian marshal (1924) and count.

Cadorna entered military service in 1866. Subsequently, he commanded, in succession, a regiment, a division, and a corps and worked to reorganize the Italian Army. From 1914 to 1917 he was chief of the General Staff. After May 1915, when Italy entered the war on the side of the Entente, Cadorna was the de facto commander in chief of the Italian Army. His repeated attempts from 1915 to 1917 to defeat the Austro-Hungarian troops on the Isonzo River were unsuccessful. After the defeat of the Italian troops at Caporetto, Cadorna was removed from his post on Nov. 8, 1917. He wrote several works on Italy’s participation in World War I.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Sources: Cadorna, Luigi, Altre pagine sulla Grande Guerra.