grasshopper

(redirected from Caelifera)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

grasshopper,

name applied to almost 9,000 different species of singing, jumping insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in two families of the order Orthoptera. Grasshoppers are long, slender, winged insects with powerful hind legs and strong mandibles, or mouthparts, adapted for chewing. They range from 1-2 to 4 in. (1–10 cm) in length. They have a front pair of rigid wings and a hind pair of larger, membranous wings, often brightly colored. When the wings are at rest, the hind pair folds and is covered by the front pair. Some species fly well, others poorly or not at all. There are three pairs of legs, all used for walking. The muscular hind legs are also used for jumping and for initiating flight. Grasshoppers can jump up to 20 times their body length. In most species the singing, or stridulating, is performed only by the males. Both sexes possess auditory organs.

The long-horned grasshoppers (family Tettigoniidae) are characterized by antennae longer than the body and auditory organs on the forelegs. This family includes the katydidskatydid,
common name of certain large, singing, winged insects belonging to the long-horned grasshopper family (Tettigoniidae) in the order Orthoptera. Katydids are green or, occasionally, pink and range in size from 1 1-4 to 5 in. (3–12.5 cm) long.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The short-horned grasshoppers (family Acrididae) are characterized by antennae shorter than the body and auditory organs on the abdomen. This group includes the locustlocust,
in zoology, name for certain migratory members of the short-horned grasshopper family (Acrididae). Like other members of this family, locusts have antennae shorter than their bodies, song-producing organs on the forewings and hind legs, and hind legs well developed for
..... Click the link for more information.
. Pygmy grasshoppers (family Tetrigidae) are less than 3-4 in. (20 mm) in length.

Most grasshoppers mate in the fall, after which the female lays the eggs in the ground or in plant tissues. The eggs of most species hatch in the spring. Newly hatched grasshoppers are similar to the adults except for their smaller size and lack of wings. After several molts, in which the young shed their old body coats and grow new ones, the winged adult stage is attained.

Most grasshoppers are plant feeders, attacking crops such as wheat, barley, corn, rye, and oats. The migratory grasshoppers, including the locusts, are a serious threat to agriculture. A few long-horned grasshoppers are carnivorous. Grasshoppers are typically found in temperate regions. They are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Insecta, order Orthoptera.

grasshopper

[′gras‚häp·ər]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of plant-eating orthopteran insects composing the subfamily Saltatoria; individuals have hindlegs adapted for jumping, and mouthparts adapted for biting and chewing.

Grasshopper

sings through summer, overlooking winter preparations. [Gk. Lit.: Aesop’s Fables, “Ant and the Grasshopper”]

grasshopper

sings instead of storing away food. [Animal Symbolism: Mercatante, 108]

grasshopper

any orthopterous insect of the families Acrididae (short-horned grasshoppers) and Tettigoniidae (long-horned grasshoppers), typically terrestrial, feeding on plants, and producing a ticking sound by rubbing the hind legs against the leathery forewings
References in periodicals archive ?
Kuravova K, Sipos J, Wahab R, Kahar RS, Kocarek P (2017a) Feeding patterns in tropical groundhoppers (Tetrigidae): a case of phylogenetic dietary conservatism in a basal group of Caelifera.
The present study is the first attempt to summarize existing literature and original field data on Caelifera host range and geographic distribution of E.
grylli attacks a wide range of Caelifera hosts, including 28 species from 6 sub-families of the Acrididae family in Kazakhstan; b) the majority of recurrent agricultural and/or rangeland pests, including 3 locusts, are susceptible to E.
Rorner & Bailey 1986), crickets (Mhatre & Balakrishnan 2006) and in duetting Caelifera (Van Staaden & Romer 1997, Lang 2000) with quite interesting and partly surprising results, revealing huge ranges and large differences between the sexes.
Classification of Orthoptera (sensu stricto) or Caelifera, pp.
The genus Proscopia Klug, 1820 (Orthoptera, Caelifera, Eumastacoidea, Proscopiidae) in Central America, with description of a new species.
A cytogenetical point of view (Orthoptera, Caelifera, Eumastacoidea).
The evolution of complex courtship songs in the genus Stenobothrus Fischer, 1853 (Orthoptera, Caelifera, Gomphocerinae).
Neo-sex chromosome systems have independently appeared in almost all major groups of Orthoptera, both Ensifera and Caelifera.