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Caerleon(kärlē`ən), town (1981 pop. 6,711), Newport, SE Wales, on the Usk River. Militarily important during the Roman period, Caerleon has extensive remains of Isca, a Roman fortress, including an amphitheater, soldiers' quarters, walls, and baths. Stones, bronzes, pottery, and coins are exhibited in the Legionary Museum. Caerleon is also famous for its connection with Arthurian legend; it is often identified with CamelotCamelot
, in Arthurian legend, the seat of King Arthur's court. The origin of the name is unknown. It has been variously located at Cadbury Camp, Somerset; Winchester; Camelford; and Caerleon.
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