brazilwood

(redirected from Caesalpinia echinata)
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Related to Caesalpinia echinata: Guilandina echinata, Pau-brasil

brazilwood,

common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family) whose wood yields a red dye. The dye has largely been replaced by synthetic dyes for fabrics, but it is still used in high-quality red inks. The bright red wood, which takes a high polish, is used in cabinetwork and for making violin bows. The East Indian redwood, or sapanwood (Caesalpinia sappan), was called "bresel wood" when it was first imported to Europe in the Middle Ages; Portuguese explorers used this name for a similar South American tree (C. echinata), from which the name Brazil for its native country purportedly derives. The latter species has been severely depleted in its native range, and international trade in the raw wood is now regulated. Brazilwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
References in periodicals archive ?
The stigmatic surface is composed of unicellular simple short trichomes in Hymenaea courbaril (Figs, 1b and 4b); papillose cells in Bauhinia curvula (Figs, 1a and 4a), Caesalpinia echinata (Fig.
Para as sementes de Caesalpinia echinata Lam., constatou-se germinacao tanto na presenca quanto na ausencia de luz, com melhores resultados na temperatura de 25[degrees]C (MELLO & BARBEDO, 2007).
When used alone, the cytokinin has also been effective for the cultivation of other forest species such as Cedrela fissilis (NUNES et al., 2002), Albizia odotorissima (RAJESWARI; PALIWAL, 2008), Quercus semecarpifolia (TAMTA et al., 2008), Caesalpinia echinata (ARAGAO; ALOUFA; COSTA, 2011), and Amburana cearensis (CAMPOS et al., 2013).
A massa de materia seca de sementes, associada a outros indicadores, tem sido relatada na literatura como uma boa referencia da maturidade fisiologica em diversas especies, como Caesalpinia echinata (Aguiar et al., 2007), Cedrella fissilis (Corvello et al., 1999), Dalbergia nigra (Martins & Silva, 1997), Torresia acreana (Firmino et al., 1996), Mimosa caesalpiniifolia (Alves et al., 2005), etc ate mesmo para Jatropha curcas (Dranski et al., 2010).
(2002) classificaram as sementes de pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lam.) como ortodoxas, pois, mesmo com teores de agua proximos de 7,6% elas germinaram.
Diversidade e estrutura genetica em populacoes de Caesalpinia echinata (Lam.) na Estacao Ecologica do Tapacura-PE.
(2012), avaliando o enraizamento de estacas obtidas de mudas jovens de Caesalpinia echinata (pau-brasil), verificaram que, somente depois de decorridos 90 dias do estaqueamento, as raizes apresentavam comprimento aproximado de 6,0 cm.