Caesalpiniaceae


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Caesalpiniaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants (sometimes considered to be a subfamily—Caesalpinioideae—united with the subfamilies Papilionoideae and Mimosoideae in the family Leguminosae). The plants are mostly trees and shrubs with twice-pinnate or simply pinnate leaves. The flowers are mainly irregular but in contrast to typical Leguminosae, not papilionaceous.

There are about 150 genera, comprising as many as 2,800 species. The plants occur mostly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The genera Gleditschia and Cercis (which includes the Judas tree) are found in the USSR. Also under cultivation there are the carob and various ornamental species of the genera Cassia and Caesalpinia. Many species yield valuable wood (logwood) and various resins and medicinal substances. The fruits of some species are edible (tamarind, carob).

REFERENCE

Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 1. Oxford, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
El primer grupo es de especies tolerantes a la luz pertenecientes a familias como Annonaceae, Burseraceae, Clusiaceae, Melastomataceae, Meliaceae, Ochnaceae, Rubiaceae, Simaroubaceae y Vochysiaceae; y las especies tolerantes a la sombra de familias como: Caesalpiniaceae, Chrysobalanaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Humiriaceae, Lauraceae, Lecythidaceae, Linaceae, Mimosaceae, Moraceae, Myristicaceae, Myrsinaceae, Papilionaeae, Sapotaceae y Sterculiaceae (MARTINEZ-HIGUERA, 2006 El TFP mas importante para la evaluacion de la resiliencia fue el TFP1 por contener especies del grupo ecologico de las esciofitas con frutos y semillas grandes y de gran peso, dispersadas por gravedad y animales, lo que indica un alto grado de conservacion; este grupo funcional es representativo en Don Sixto.
Conforme a quadro 1, as familias Caesalpiniaceae, Moraceae, Myristicaceae, Annonaceae, Lauraceae, Melastomataceae, Lecythidaceae, Sapotaceae, Clusiaceae, Flacourtiaceae e Mimosaceae, foram as que apresentaram maior numero de especies, ao ponto que apenas 11 delas, atingiram pouco mais de 50% do total de especies da area amostrada.
Frequency of occurrence (%) Family/Species Portion consumed 2006 2010 Anacardiaceae Anacardium occidentale * pulp 40 19 Mangifera indica * pulp 20 19 Annonaceae Annona coriacea flower 8 Arecaceae Orbignya speciosa pulp 27 Caesalpiniaceae Copaiffera langsdorfii seed 8 Fabaceae Pterodon emarginatus seed 4 Malvaceae Erioteca gracilipes seed 10 Mimosoideae Inga laurina * seed 10 27 Moraceae Brosimum gaudichaudii fruit 20 8 Myrtaceae Eugenia jambolana * pulp 40 31 Vochysiaceae Vochysia haenckeana seed 10 * exotic species.
W Fruit AA-49-07 Asclepiadaceae Mondia whiteii skeels* W Root AA-01-07 Caesalpiniaceae Tamarindus indica L.
De acordo com as figuras 5, 6 e 7, podemos observar que a maior riqueza floristica foi determinada pelas familias Fabaceae, Sapotaceae e Caesalpiniaceae nas comunidades vegetais dos igarapes do Riacho Doce, Lages e Onca, sendo que nos igarapes de Lages e Onca, a familia Fabaceae se destacou ficando na primeira colocacao.
Numbers: RV448 and RV500 Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia sp.
General aspects: 22% (ten species) were Papilionaceae, 18% (eight species) were Caesalpiniaceae, 13% (six species) were Meliaceae, 9% (four species) were Podocarpaceae, 7% (three species) were Lecythidaceae, 4% (two species) each were Caryocaraceae or Humiriaceae; other families represented the 27% (12 species) of endangered or threatened timber species endemic to Costa Rica.
6 Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpinia Caricaceae Carica papaya Fabaceae Crotalaria Melilotus alba Flacourtiaceae Casearia Lauraceae Persea Mimosaceae Leucena Piptadenia 62.
The least cited plants in ascending order of families were Mimosaceae (4 citations), Annonaceae (6 citations), Acanthaceae (7 citations), Anacardiaceae (9 citations), Caesalpiniaceae (11), Piperaceae (11), Meliaceae (13), Celastraceae (18), Apocynaceae (19), Pedaliaceae (21), Asteraceae (23), Fabaceae (23), Euphorbiaceae (24), Vitaceae (29).
Subfamily Genus Native Adventive Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia 1 1 Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpinia 1 2 Caesalpiniaceae Senna 9 7 Fabaceae Clitoria 1 1 Fabaceae Crotalaria 9 3 Fabaceae Indigofera 1 2 Fabaceae Lathyrus 1 3 Fabaceae Sesbania 3 3 Fabaceae Trifolium 3 3 Fabaceae Vicia 3 4 Mimosaceae Acacia 11 2 Mimosaceae Mimosa 9 1 Table 6.