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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a family of dicotyledonous plants (sometimes considered to be a subfamily—Caesalpinioideae—united with the subfamilies Papilionoideae and Mimosoideae in the family Leguminosae). The plants are mostly trees and shrubs with twice-pinnate or simply pinnate leaves. The flowers are mainly irregular but in contrast to typical Leguminosae, not papilionaceous.

There are about 150 genera, comprising as many as 2,800 species. The plants occur mostly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The genera Gleditschia and Cercis (which includes the Judas tree) are found in the USSR. Also under cultivation there are the carob and various ornamental species of the genera Cassia and Caesalpinia. Many species yield valuable wood (logwood) and various resins and medicinal substances. The fruits of some species are edible (tamarind, carob).


Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 1. Oxford, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adeyemi, "Anti-diarrhoeal activity of the aqueous extract of Mezoneuron benthamianum Baill (Caesalpiniaceae)," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
Y para la longitud de los frutos el CV fue de 151,45% debido principalmente a todas las especies de las familias de Caesalpiniaceae, Mimosaceae, Malvaceae, que tienen tipo de fruto en legumbre y foliculo.
Cassia fistula, also known as golden shower tree, is a flowering plant that belongs to the Caesalpiniaceae family.
(Sapotaceae) Buriti Mauritia flexuosa (Arecaceae) Buritirana Mauritia carana (Arecaceae) Caferana Cynometra bauhiniaefolia (Caesalpiniaceae) Cafezinho Quiina rhytidopus (Quiinaceae) Capim membeca Paspalum repens (Poaceae) Capim murim Paspalum fasciculatum (Poaceae) Capitari Clitoria amazonica (Fabaceae) Envira Duguettia sp.
The naturally occurring 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone derivatives (1,8 DAD) were obtained from various families such as Rhamnaceae (buckthorn, cascara), Liliaceae (aloe), Polygonaceae (rhubarbs), and Caesalpiniaceae (senna) [10].
Diversity of volatile organic compound emissions from flowering and vegetative branches of Yeheb, Cordeauxia edulis (Caesalpiniaceae), a threatened evergreen desert shrub.
These have been recognized as independent families Fabaceae (Papilionaceae), Caesalpiniaceae, and Mimosaceae in several recent systems of classification.