Caesalpinus, Andreas

Caesalpinus, Andreas

Caesalpinus, Andreas (ănˈdrēəs sĕsălpīˈnəs), Latinized from Andrea Cesalpino (ändrĕˈä chāzälpēˈnō), 1519–1603, Italian botanist and physiologist. He was physician to Pope Clement VIII. He described, in part and as a theory only, the circulation of blood. His chief botanical work, De plantis (1583), contains the first classification of plants according to their fruits, based on a comparative study of his large collection. Linnaeus considered him the first true systematist. He was at the Univ. of Pisa and founded its botanical garden.
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