Antoninus Pius(redirected from Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius)
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Born 86; died 161. Roman emperor from 138.
Antoninus Pius was the descendant of a senatorial family from the city of Nemausus (now Nîmes) in Transalpine Gaul. In 120 he was consul and later proconsul of the province of Asia. In 138 he was adopted by the emperor Hadrian. Becoming emperor after the death of Hadrian, he continued the latter’s foreign policy: he avoided wars and erected new defense structures along the borders of the state (for instance, the “Antonine Wall” in Britain). Antoninus Pius worked in close contact with the Senate, and his social policy was carried out in the interests of the wealthy classes. This caused dissatisfaction and uprisings among the masses in the provinces (in Egypt, Dacia, Achaea, Judaea, and Africa).