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, Caesarian (US), Cesarean, Cesarian
1. of or relating to any of the Caesars, esp Julius Caesar (100--44 bc), Roman general, statesman, and historian
2. Surgery
a. short for Caesarean section
b. (as modifier): Caesarean birth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an operation for artificial delivery of a fetus in which the fetus and placenta are removed through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and the body of the uterus.

A cesarean is performed on a live fetus when the woman is unable without assistance to bear the child alive (when the pelvis is narrow or deformed or in the presence of severe cicatricial changes of the vagina or placenta praevia). When there is excessive or acute hemorrhage, a cesarean is performed even on a dead or nonviable fetus in order to save the mother. The term “cesarean” formerly was incorrectly associated with the legend of the birth of the Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar by means of a similar operation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
DISCUSSION: From 1970 to 2007 the caesarian delivery rate in the United States rose from 4.4% to 31.8% of all deliveries.
The Indian council of medical research on 33tertiary care institutions noted that average caesarian section rate increased from 21.8% in 1993-94 to 25.4% in 1998-99.
Most of the caesarian sections were done in the age group of 20-30 years (78% and 90% in EMCS and ELCS respectively) comparable to the study of Asifa Ghazi et al.
The most common indication of EMCS was previous two caesarian sections in labour (15%) followed by one previous caesarian section (12%), PROM (12%), failure to progress (10%), foetal distress (8%) and obstructed labour r(3%).
Steve Wild, clinical director for obstetrics and gynaecology at the trust said they recorded their lowest caesarian section rate for three years.