Caesar

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Caesar

(sē`zər), ancient Roman patrician family of the Julian gens. There are separate articles on its two most distinguished members, Julius CaesarCaesar, Julius
(Caius Julius Caesar), 100? B.C.–44 B.C., Roman statesman and general. Rise to Power

Although he was born into the Julian gens, one of the oldest patrician families in Rome, Caesar was always a member of the democratic or popular party.
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 and AugustusAugustus
, 63 B.C.–A.D. 14, first Roman emperor, a grandson of the sister of Julius Caesar. Named at first Caius Octavius, he became on adoption by the Julian gens (44 B.C.) Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian); Augustus was a title of honor granted (27 B.C.
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. Another distinguished member of the family was Lucius Julius Caesar, d. 87 B.C., consul (90 B.C.). He proposed a law extending Roman citizenship to Roman allies that had not joined in the Social War against Rome (90 B.C.). He was killed in the beginning of the civil war by partisans of MariusMarius, Caius
, c.157 B.C.–86 B.C., Roman general. A plebeian, he became tribune (119 B.C.) and praetor (115 B.C.) and was seven times consul. He served under Scipio Africanus Minor at Numantia and under Quintus Metellus against Jugurtha.
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. His brother Caius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus, d. 87 B.C., is mentioned as an orator in Cicero's De oratore. He was killed with his brother. His name also appears as Vopisius. The son of Lucius Julius Caesar, also named Lucius Julius Caesar, d. after 43 B.C., was one of Julius Caesar's legates in Gaul (52 B.C.). He accompanied the dictator into Italy during the civil war. After the assassination of Julius Caesar he was allied with Marc AntonyAntony
or Marc Antony,
Lat. Marcus Antonius, c.83 B.C.–30 B.C., Roman politican and soldier. He was of a distinguished family; his mother was a relative of Julius Caesar.
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, whose mother, Julia, was his sister. In 43 B.C. he and Antony fell out, and only the pleas of Julia to her son saved her brother in the proscription. When Octavius (later Augustus) was adopted (44 B.C.) into the Julian gens, he took the name Caesar. His successors as emperors took the name Caesar until HadrianHadrian
, A.D. 76–138, Roman emperor (117–138), b. Spain. His name in full was Publius Aelius Hadrianus. An orphan, he became the ward of Trajan. Hadrian distinguished himself as a commander (especially in Dacia) and as an administrator.
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, who kept the title Augustus for the emperor and allowed the heir apparent to be called Caesar. This became the custom afterward. The imperial use of the name Caesar was perpetuated in the German kaiser and the Russian czar.

Caesar

1
1. Gaius Julius . 100--44 bc, Roman general, statesman, and historian. He formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus (60), conquered Gaul (58--50), invaded Britain (55--54), mastered Italy (49), and defeated Pompey (46). As dictator of the Roman Empire (49--44) he destroyed the power of the corrupt Roman nobility. He also introduced the Julian calendar and planned further reforms, but fear of his sovereign power led to his assassination (44) by conspirators led by Marcus Brutus and Cassius Longinus
2. any Roman emperor
3. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
4. in the Roman Empire
a. a title borne by the imperial heir from the reign of Hadrian
b. the heir, deputy, and subordinate ruler to either of the two emperors under Diocletian's system of government

Caesar

2
1. any Roman emperor
2. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
3. in the Roman Empire
a. a title borne by the imperial heir from the reign of Hadrian
b. the heir, deputy, and subordinate ruler to either of the two emperors under Diocletian's system of government
References in periodicals archive ?
Caesars Bluewaters Dubai will feature 301 rooms, two outdoor swimming pools, three restaurants, three meeting rooms, and an 850 square metre event hall.
Bob Morse, president of hospitality for Caesars, told Reuters his firm would operate more non-gaming resorts around the world in coming years as part of a strategic plan focusing on financial centres as well as traditional resort areas.
In 1979, Little Caesars introduced a new offer that included two pizzas for the price of one--establishing the "Pizza!Pizza!" phrase that is known around the world today.
IGSs core product strategy roadmap and commitment to regular releases appealed to Caesars that required readily available access to the latest technology without the reliance on bespoke software and scheduled releases.
Shakespeare's representation of Julius Caesar differs notably from those of his contemporaries, as well as from the picture of Caesar that emerges from his most obvious classical source, Plutarch's Lives.
Labienus and Scaeva, characters originally depicted in Julius Caesar's Commentaries, experience a peculiar reversal of their dramaturgical importance in The False One.
Eldorado will acquire all of the outstanding shares of Caesars for a total value of $12.75 per share, consisting of $8.40 per share in cash consideration and 0.0899 shares of Eldorado common stock for each Caesars share of common stock based on Eldorado's 30- calendar day volume weighted average price per share as of May 23, 2019, reflecting total consideration of approximately $17.3 billion, comprised of $7.2 billion in cash, approximately 77 million Eldorado common shares and the assumption of Caesars outstanding net debt (excluding face value of the existing convertible note).
Shares in Caesars jumped almost 15 per cent yesterday after the $12.75 a share deal was revealed, while Eldorado dropped 10.6 per cent.
Caesars shareholders will be offered a consideration election mechanism that is subject to proration pursuant to the definitive merger agreement.
Financially troubled Caesar's Entertainment Corporation has accepted a merger offer from rival Eldorado Resorts that will lead to the creation of a serious competitor to dominant casino industry players based in Las Vegas.
Located on Bluewaters, Meraas' sophisticated modern, family-oriented island destination, Caesars Bluewaters Dubai will be surrounded by nearly 150 retail, dining and entertainment outlets.
Holdren commented: "It is with great honour that Caesars celebrates the Grand Opening of Caesars Bluewaters Dubai with our partners at Meraas and our global dining partner, chef Gordon Ramsay."