Feodosiya

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Feodosiya

Feodosiya (fāˌədôˈsēə), city, E Crimea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), it passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. It is a major Black Sea port at the western end of the Feodosiya Gulf. Feodosiya is also a rail terminus. A popular Crimean sea and health resort, Feodosiya has beaches, mineral springs, and mud baths. The city occupies the site of ancient Theodosia, which was founded in the 6th cent. B.C. by Greek colonists from Miletus. Theodosia, noted for its grain exports, was destroyed by the Huns in the 4th cent. A.D.; it existed thereafter as an insignificant village until the Genoese arrived in the 13th cent., established a flourishing trade colony, and virtually monopolized Black Sea commerce. Under their rule, the city was called Caffa or Kaffa and served as the chief port and administrative center of Genoese possessions along the Black Sea coast. The khan of Crimea, an ally of the Turks, conquered the city in 1475; it remained under Turko-Tatar control until Russia's annexation of the Crimea in 1783. In 1802 it was named Feodosiya. German forces captured it twice during World War II. The ruins of the Genoese fortifications still stand.
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144) apunta que desde 1455 el sultan se habia ido apoderando de las ultimas posesiones coloniales de Genova; y, segun Jose Luis VALERO SANCHO, <<el primer impreso noticieril conocido es un avviso italiano en el que se da cuenta>> de la conquista de Caffa (La infografia.
For instance, in 1307 Tokhta Khan ordered the destruction of Caffa ostensibly to prevent Genoese merchants from kidnapping and enslaving children from the Black Sea region.
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(51) The size of the Ottoman navy was already impressive under Mehmed II, who employed 145 ships of various types to blockade Constantinople in 1453, and 380 galleys in his naval expeditions against the Genoese-administered Crimean port town of Caffa in 1475.
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