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Cagliari(kä`lyärē), city (1991 pop. 204,237), capital of Sardinia and of Cagliari prov., S Sardinia, Italy, on the Gulf of Cagliari (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea) and at the mouth of the Mannu River. It is the largest city in Sardinia and is a modern port and an industrial center. A flourishing Carthaginian city, it was taken by Rome in 238 B.C. Cagliari endured Arab invasions in the 8th and 9th cent. A.D. The city was a Pisan stronghold during the wars with Genoa (11th–14th cent.); its subsequent history is largely that of SardiniaSardinia
, Ital. Sardegna, region (1991 pop. 1,648,248), 9,302 sq mi (24,092 sq km), W Italy, mostly on the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, which is separated in the north from Corsica by the Strait of Bonifacio.
..... Click the link for more information. . Cagliari was the site of a submarine base in World War II and was heavily bombed by the Allies. Noteworthy structures include the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral (13th cent.), the Basilica of San Saturnino (5th cent.), a large Roman amphitheater, and the massive tower of St. Pancras (built by Pisans in 1304).
a city and port in Italy, on the southern coast of Sardinia. It is the administrative center of Sardinia and of Ca-gliari Province. Population, 225, 800 (1970). It is an important transport junction. The port’s freight turnover is nearly 3 million tons (1970), with lead and zinc ores, salt, wine, and olive oil as the chief exports. It has shipbuilding, oil-refining, chemical and petrochemical, electrical engineering, and food industries. Wood products and building materials are also produced.