Cahokia Mounds

Also found in: Dictionary.

Cahokia Mounds,

approximately 85 surviving Native American earthworks, most in Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, SW Ill., near East St. Louis; largest group of mounds N of Mexico. Monks' Mound, a rectangular, flat-topped earthwork, 100 ft (30.5 m) high with a more than 14-acre (5.7-hectare) base, is named for Trappist monks who settled there in the early 19th cent. It is the largest surviving earthen mound in the Americas. Evidence of an extensive stockade and other wood structures also has been found. The earliest known settlement in the area dates to c. A.D. 700. The Mississippiean people who constructed the mounds were village dwellers who lived in a fertile river-bottom area; their culture arose about 100 years later. They flourished from 11th to 14th cent.; the population of the area at its height ranged from 10,000 to 20,000. The mounds are a national historic landmark.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although 101,451 Illinoisans identify themselves as being fully or partly of American Indian descent, the tribes themselves are gone from Illinois, mostly moved west by the federal government in the 1800s, said Bill Iseminger, assistant manager of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
While the Cahokia Mounds stand to silently refute stereotypical views of pre-Columbian North America--that it was barely populated and had no dense settlements, grand architecture, or "advanced civilizations"--another nearby site, Ferguson, Missouri, exposes a different set of repressions and conjures other acts of historical violence, both physical and social.
Cahokia Mounds, site of the largest prehistoric settlement north of Mexico, lies eight miles east of metropolitan St.
As many as 20,000 people -- double that if surrounding communities were included -- lived about a thousand years ago in the elaborate planned city that now is part of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
Drawing on field research he conducted at the Cahokia Mounds, a massive complex of pre-Columbian earthen structures that abut and subtend Saint Louis, the exhibition included two 16-mm films of sunrise and sunset, respectively.
A visit to Cahokia Mounds, site of a large pre-Colonial civilization, will include a look at how native Americans acted as stewards of bottom lands and nearby prairies.