Cahokia Mounds

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Cahokia Mounds,

approximately 85 surviving Native American earthworks, most in Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, SW Ill., near East St. Louis; largest group of mounds N of Mexico. Monks' Mound, a rectangular, flat-topped earthwork, 100 ft (30.5 m) high with a more than 14-acre (5.7-hectare) base, is named for Trappist monks who settled there in the early 19th cent. It is the largest surviving earthen mound in the Americas. Evidence of an extensive stockade and other wood structures also has been found. The earliest known settlement in the area dates to c. A.D. 700. The Mississippiean people who constructed the mounds were village dwellers who lived in a fertile river-bottom area; their culture arose about 100 years later. They flourished from 11th to 14th cent.; the population of the area at its height ranged from 10,000 to 20,000. The mounds are a national historic landmark.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remains of the ancient city have been preserved at Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, a 2,200-acre tract that contains 68 of the original 120 mounds.
The National Science Foundation (BCS-0219308), the National Geographic Society (7313-02), the Cahokia Mounds Museum Society, and Connie Stohlman made the second season possible.
Louis community of Collinsville, this newest Doubletree location is just minutes from such major area attractions as Gateway International Raceway, Fairmount Park Racetrack, Cahokia Mounds State Park Historical Site, the Gateway Arch, and Busch Stadium.
Mesa Verde (1978) -- Yellowstone (1978) -- Everglades National Park (1979) -- Grand Canyon National Park (1979) -- Independence Hall (1979) -- Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek (1979, 1992, 1994) * 32 -- Redwood National Park (1980) -- Mammoth Cave National Park (1981) -- Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site (1982) -- Great Smoky Mountains National Park (1983) -- La Fortaleza and San Juan Historic Site in Puerto Rico (1983) -- Statue of Liberty (1984) -- Yosemite National Park (1984) -- Chaco Culture National Historical Park (1987) -- Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (1987) -- Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville (1987) -- Pueblo de Taos (1992) -- Carlsbad Caverns National Park (1995) -- Waterton Glacier International Peace Park (1995)
A visit to Cahokia Mounds, site of a large pre-Colonial civilization, will include a look at how native Americans acted as stewards of bottom lands and nearby prairies.