Ts'ai Yüan-p'ei

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Ts'ai Yüan-p'ei

(tsī yüän-pā), 1867–1940, Chinese educator and intellectual leader. He achieved distinction as a classical scholar but later joined (1904) the anti-Manchu revolutionary movement at Shanghai. Ts'ai studied philosophy in Germany (1907–11). He returned to China during the republican revolution of 1911 and was appointed education minister in the early cabinets of Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
, Mandarin Sun Wen, 1866–1925, Chinese revolutionary. He was born near Guangzhou into a farm-owning family. He attended (1879–82) an Anglican boys school in Honolulu, where he came under Western influence, particularly that of Christianity.
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 and Yüan Shih-kaiYüan Shih-kai
, 1859–1916, president of China (1912–16). From 1885 to 1894 he was the Chinese resident in Korea, then under Chinese suzerainty. He supported the dowager empress, Tz'u Hsi, against the reform movement (1898) of Emperor Kuang Hsü, and she
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. After further study in Germany and France (1912–16), Ts'ai was appointed (1916) chancellor of Beijing Univ. He encouraged a critical reevaluation of Chinese culture and promoted freedom of thought, thereby paving the way for the intellectual revolution (1917–21) known as the May Fourth MovementMay Fourth Movement
(1919), first mass movement in modern Chinese history. On May 4, about 5,000 university students in Beijing protested the Versailles Conference (Apr. 28, 1919) awarding Japan the former German leasehold of Kiaochow (Jiaozhou), Shandong prov.
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. After the establishment of the Nanjing government (1928), Ts'ai used his prestige as a KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 party elder to promote civil liberties and oppose political control of the student movement.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from dealing with the usual aspects of the controversy between Lin and the advocates of vernacularization, Yoshikawa also analyzes the relation between Beijing University chancellor Cai Yuanpei and Lin Shu and some issues related to his two novelettes, "Mr.
In the 1910s May 4th era, Peking University President Cai Yuanpei and his liberal colleagues called for the end of the demarcation between mental effort and manual labor.
Briefly, chapter one establishes the "preeminence of Aesthetics in modern Chinese thinking," exploring the pre-Marxist Chinese appropriation of aesthetic discourses by Liang Qichao, Wang Guowei and Cai Yuanpei. Chapter two, concerned with the inception of Marxist aesthetics in China in the context of the Chinese revolution, examines how Lu Xun's aesthetics of negativity and allegory informed his discourse of cultural criticism and analyzes Qu Qiubai's critique of the May Forth legacy of Europeanization and his promotion of a national popular culture for solving social contradictions encountered by the revolution.
Such figures in the party as Dai Jitao and Cai Yuanpei, Huang Jianli shows, were leading advocates of the formulation of the policy of limiting student activism after 1927.
In this sense, the substantial roles that Dai Jitao, Cai Yuanpei, and Chen Lifu played in the formulation and direction of the Guomindang policy towards student political activism also need further examination.