Cairo geniza


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Cairo geniza

(kō`rō gən`ēzə), archive of ancient Jewish manuscripts found in the synagogue of Fostat-Cairo, Egypt (built 882). In the 1890s western scholars visited the synagogue and removed the materials to the Bodleian Library at the Univ. of Oxford, the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, and other major repositories. The materials are an extremely important resource for the study of biblical writings and translations, ancient Jewish liturgies, communal records, and the relations between Jews and Arabs in medieval Islamic society.
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Schmidtke, Al-Sahib lbn'Abbdd, Promoter of Rational Theology: Two Mu'tazili kalam texts from the Cairo Geniza [Leiden, 2016]; M.
Examples include Elisheva Baumgarten's efforts to illumine the piety of men and women beyond the learned elite of medieval European communities, and Eve Krakowski's use of documents from the Cairo Geniza to illumine the lives of Jewish female adolescents in medieval Egypt, not to mention a multi-volume feminist commentary on the Talmud, organized by Tal Ilan, now underway that promises to draw together what we know about the religious lives of women in late antiquity.
Among specific topics are the anatomy of non-biblical scrolls from the Cairo Geniza, the history of editing pre-modern Yiddish manuscript texts, Johannes Reuchlin's collection of Hebrew books: its afterlife and influence, building a bridge from the Dead Sea Scrolls to Medieval Hebrew manuscripts, and pictorial messages in Medieval illuminated Hebrew books: some methodological considerations.
For the Islamic lands, I added a rare block print from the Cairo Geniza (6) and two Italian imprints with authors from "Islamic Land" (Maimonides (7) and Avicenna (8)).
El-Imshati Synagogue has sanctification by Jews mentioned in the Cairo Geniza. It was named after Rabbi Hayyim (Abu Fadil) bin Hananel bin Abraham El-Imshati, who dedicated an ancient inscription of Torah scroll, which Jewish pilgrims had flocked on the new moon of Iyyar month, said historians Shelomo Dov Goitein and Mordechai Friedman in their book India Traders of the Middle Ages: Documents from Cairo Geniza that published in 2008.
Drawing on the extensive records of the Cairo Geniza, Lassner is very strong on Jewish relations with, and attitudes towards, Islamic hegemony.
The Cairo Geniza, discovered in the late 1800s, featured everything from liturgical texts to shipping orders.
Contemporary evaluation of his secular poetry and recovery of his later correspondence from the Cairo Geniza have enabled a fuller understanding of the poet and his work.
The most complete copies of the Damascus Document come from the Cairo Geniza which dates from medieval times, suggesting that some Jewish group(s) must have preserved and used this text in later times.
Goitein, A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza, vol.
A supercomputer on the campus of Tel Aviv University is set to revolutionize research on one of the world's most important repositories of ancient documents--the Cairo Geniza, which came to light 117 years ago behind the wall of an ancient synagogue.

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