Pigeon Pea

(redirected from Cajanus cajan)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Pigeon Pea

 

(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.

N. P. IVANOV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The value of total essential amino acids (313.9 mg/g protein with histidine) is lower than that of melon seeds (534.4 mg/g protein; Olaofe et al., 1994) but higher than that of raw pearl millet (224 mg/g protein; Adeyeye, 2009) while that without histidine (292.9 mg/g protein) is higher than the value of steeped pearl millet (194 mg/g protein; Adeyeye ,2009) soy flour (444 mg/g protein; Paul and Southgate, 1988), and Cajanus cajans (426 mg/g protein; Oshodi et al., 1993).
Effects of stocking rate of goats and stage of crop growth when grazed on grain yield on goat production from pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan).
Two experiments of uniformity were conducted with Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Cultivar BRS Mandarim, in an experimental area of 28 m x 66 m (1,848 [m.sup.2]) of the Plant Sciences Department of the Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, at 29[degrees]42'S, 53[degrees]49'W and at 95m of altitude.
Ethnobotanical survey and cytotoxicity testing of plants of South-western Nigeria used to treat cancer, with isolation of cytotoxic constituents from Cajanus cajan Millsp.
Dentre as especies de plantas descompactadoras o feijao guandu (Cajanus cajan L.
Plant species that showed the concentration values of phosphorus greater than 500mg/100g were leaves of Cleome gynandra, Acalypha bipartitae, Hyptis spicigera, Amaranthus graecizans, Solanum nigrum, Asystasia gangetica, seeds of Cajanus cajan, Corchorus olitorius and fruits of Cucumis figarei and Ficus sur (Table 4).
Red gram (pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan) is a major pulse crop grown in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh state in India.