Cakile


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Cakile

 

(sea rocket), a genus of plants of the family Cruciferae. They are branched, naked annual herbs. The leaves are succulent and rather thick. The lilac, purple, pink, or white flowers are in racemose inflorescences. The fruit is a two-segmented pod. There are 15 species, growing in Europe, Western Asia, North Africa, America, and Australia, predominantly along sandy sea-coasts. Four species are found in the USSR. Cakile baltica is found along the Baltic coast, C euxina, along the shores of the Black and Azov seas, and C. arctica and C. lapponica, along the coasts of the White and Barents seas. The seeds of the plants contain a fatty oil; the young herbs are used in food.

REFERENCE

Pobedimova, E. G. “Rod Cakile Mill.” (Special section.) In Novosti sistematiki vysshikh rastenii Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
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Only 8 specimens from this list (Callitriche intermedia, Circaea alpina, Salsola kali, Swertia perennis, Lunaria rediviva, Cakile maritima, Dentaria bulbifera, Betula nana) have survived in the herbarium.
Lipid composition of seeds of local halophytes: Cakile maritima, Zygophyllum album and Crithmum maritimum.
There are several different growth forms: grasses (Uniola paniculata and Schizachyrium littorale); conspicuous herbaceous plants and several brassicaceous species of the genus Cakile; creeping plants like Ipomoea pes-caprae or the legume Canavalia rosea, with runners up to 98 ft (30 m) long; clump-formers like the euphorbiaceous Croton punctatus or the fabaceous Cassia [= Chamaecrista] chamaecristoides; and shrubs 7-10 ft (2-3 m) high, such as Suriana maritima, the only representative of the family Surianaceae; and the polygonaceous sea grape Coccoloba uvifera.
Population ecology in an environmental mosaic: Cakile edentula on a gravel bar.
Here I present a study of natural selection for leaf and gas exchange traits in Cakile edentula var.
As far up as Cap aux Oyes, sixty or seventy miles below Quebec, Kalm found a great part of the plants near the shore to be marine, as glasswort (Salicornia), seaside pease (Pisum maritimum), sea-milkwort (Glaux), beach-grass (Psamma arenarium), seaside plantain (Plantago maritima), the sea-rocket (Bunias cakile), etc.
In response to salinity stress, Cakile maritima, and Thellungiella salsuginea halophytes showed significant accumulation of ACC (Ethylene precursor) in the leaves and roots as compared to the glycophyte Arabidopsis thaliana (Ellouzi et al.
Further, published data that salinity increases succulence and leaf thickness in plants like Cakile maritime [16], Nitraria retusa, and Atriplex halimus [10] Brassica napus L.
To set up a direct test of kin recognition, Dudley and Amanda File of McMaster worked with Great Lakes sea rocket (Cakile edentula).
Differences in phenotypic plasticity between plants from dimorphic seeds of Cakile edentula.