taro(redirected from Caladium esculentum)
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common name for the Araceae, a plant family mainly composed of species of herbaceous terrestrial and epiphytic plants found in moist to wet habitats of the tropics and subtropics; some are native to temperate zones.
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(Colocasia esculenta), a tropical perennial plant of the family Araceae. The large tubers of taro, weighing up to 4 kg, are used as food, boiled or fried like potatoes; the young etiolated leaves are cooked like asparagus. Taro is one of the most ancient cultivated plants. It is grown mainly in the moist tropical and subtropical regions of the eastern hemisphere and is an especially popular food in Oceania. It can be cultivated on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.