Calais

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Calais

(kälā`), city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits of Dover. An industrial center with a great variety of manufactures, it has been a major commercial seaport and a communications center with England since the Middle Ages. A major cross-channel ferry and hovercraft port, it is near the site of the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
..... Click the link for more information.
 linking France with England. It was fortified (13th cent.) by the counts of Boulogne. In 1347, after a siege of 11 months, Calais fell to Edward III of England. A bronze monument by Rodin commemorates the famous episode of the six burghers who offered their lives to save the town; they were spared when Edward's queen, Philippa, interceded. The city remained in English hands until it was recovered (1558) by the French under François de Lorraine, the duke of Guise. It was the scene of much fighting (1940, 1944) in World War II. A Gothic church survived.

Calais

 

a city and port in northern France, on the Strait of Dover. Administrative center of the department of Pas-de-Calais. Population, 75, 000 (1968).

Calais is a transportation center of international importance, through which passes maritime passenger traffic to Dover in Great Britain. It is also a fishing and commercial center. There are metallurgical, ship-repair, electrotechnical, and chemical enterprises in the city. Calais also produces its traditional lace, tulle, and embroidery.

The city grew out of a fishing village in the late ninth and the tenth century. In the 13th century it was fortified by the Count of Boulogne. From the 13th century it played a significant role in the trade between France and England. In 1347, during the Hundred Years’ War, Calais was captured by the English after a lengthy siege; it remained a stronghold of the English in their later struggle against France. In 1558, Calais was captured by the Duke of Guise and reunited with France. The Cateau-Cam-bresis Peace of 1559 confirmed Calais as French.

Calais

a port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the nearest French port to England; belonged to England 1347--1558. Pop.: 77 333 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
He was held at the outbound tourist controls as he attempted to board the train for Calais, France.
Prior to joining Marriott in 2005, Vanthier had developed her human resources experience in senior leadership roles at the NH Hotel Brussels, Millennium Copthorne Hotel Calais, France and Hotel Metropole Brussels.
On an industrial structure from Wanne-Eickel, Germany, in an image from 1998, an emblem of crossed hammers attests to the labor once carried out therein; a structure in Calais, France, photographed in 1995, bears the graffito NON AUX L', as if its author had been cut off midscrawl; a sign marked HALT in a picture from 1982 appears pinned to a Ruhrgebiet facade.
From Greenwich, he and his companions will cycle to the southern English port of Dover before boarding a ferry to Calais, France.
The swim will start in Dover, England and if successful, finish on the beaches near Calais, France.
Tesco has made 80 people redundant at its Tesco Vins Plus store in Calais, France, following its closure at the end of July and a lengthy consultation with employees.
His plane was shot down over Calais, France, and he was missing in action as a POW for 18 months before being liberated by the Russians.
22 miles: Length of Rossy's flight from Dover, England to Calais, France
The Allies had to ensure that none of the plan was released--above all, the desire to fool the Germans into thinking that Pas de Calais, France, was the main target as opposed to the real target, Normandy, France.
British shopper David Thomas from Kent fills his trolley with cheap wine and beer at Eastenders in Calais, France
Three members of an Army women's basketball team were killed when a lorry crashed into their stationary minibus near Calais, France, in March 2003, and four months later, an 18year-old Army cadet was decapitated when he put his head out of a coach skylight as it travelled through Holland.
The attempt will be undertaken in a Gibbs Aquada on 14 June from Dover, England to Calais, France.