calcium oxide(redirected from Calcia)
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calcium oxide,chemical compound, CaO, a colorless, cubic crystalline or white amorphous substance. It is also called lime, quicklime, or caustic lime, but commercial lime often contains impurities, e.g., silica, iron, alumina, and magnesia. It is prepared by heating calcium carbonatecalcium carbonate,
CaCO3, white chemical compound that is the most common nonsiliceous mineral. It occurs in two crystal forms: calcite, which is hexagonal, and aragonite, which is rhombohedral.
..... Click the link for more information. (e.g., limestonelimestone,
sedimentary rock wholly or in large part composed of calcium carbonate. It is ordinarily white but may be colored by impurities, iron oxide making it brown, yellow, or red and carbon making it blue, black, or gray. The texture varies from coarse to fine.
..... Click the link for more information. ) in a special lime kiln to about 500°C; to 600°C;, decomposing it into the oxide and carbon dioxide. Calcium oxide is widely used in industry, e.g., in making porcelain and glass; in purifying sugar; in preparing bleaching powderbleaching powder,
white or nearly white powder that is usually a mixture of calcium chloride hypochlorite, CaCl(OCl); calcium hypochlorite, Ca(OCl)2; and calcium chloride, CaCl2.
..... Click the link for more information. , calcium carbide, and calcium cyanamide; in water softeners; and in mortars and cements. In agriculture it is used for treating acidic soils (limingliming
, application to the soil of calcium in various forms, generally as ground limestone, but also as marl, chalk, shells, or hydrated lime. Lime benefits soil by neutralizing acidity, improving texture, and increasing the activity of soil microorganisms.
..... Click the link for more information. ). It is incandescent when heated to high temperatures; the Drummond light, or limelight, provides a brilliant white light by heating a cylinder of lime with the flame of an oxyhydrogen torch. Calcium oxide is a basic anhydride, reacting with water to form calcium hydroxidecalcium hydroxide,
Ca(OH)2, colorless crystal or white powder. It is prepared by reacting calcium oxide (lime) with water, a process called slaking, and is also known as hydrated lime or slaked lime. When heated above 580°C; it dehydrates, forming the oxide.
..... Click the link for more information. ; during the reaction (slaking) much heat is given off and the solid nearly doubles its volume.
(also quicklime), CaO, a compound of calcium and oxygen; colorless crystals with a density of 3.4 g/cm3 and a melting point of 2585°C. The industrial product is a white porous substance. Calcium oxide reacts vigorously with water, liberating a considerable amount of heat and forming calcium hydroxide: CaO + H2O = Ca(OH)2 (slaking process). Calcium oxide is obtained by the calcination of limestone or chalk. It is widely used in construction, the chemical industry, metallurgy, agriculture, and water purification.