Through a separate medial incision under sterile technique, this area was injected with 5 cc of calcium phosphate
such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate can be readily fabricated synthetically in the laboratory from different reactions, there are different routes for synthesis instead of using minerals present in nature, the most prominent are the solid-state synthesis, wet or dry method, hydrothermal method, solgel methods, thermal processing in the case of tricalcium phosphate pass from a to P in two ways.
cement (CPC) possesses excellent biocompatibility and osteoconductivity in vivo and is commonly used as a biomaterial in bone implants .
Being similar to the major inorganic component of natural bone, the inorganic compound such as hydroxyapatite (HAp) or a calcium phosphate
in a composite scaffold provides good osteoconductivity while the polymer provides the continuous structure and design flexibility to achieve the high porosity and high surface area, which are necessary for anchorage-dependent cells such as osteoblasts to survive and differentiate .
This review provides an overview of the current state of BTE with a focus on bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), calcium phosphate
(CaP) scaffolds, and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).
Biphasic calcium phosphate
bioceramics for orthopaedic reconstructions: clinical outcomes, International journal of biomaterials, pp: 1-9.
In composite bioceramics world, many researchers have focused their interest on the development of biphasic calcium phosphate
(BCP) ceramics, especially with hydroxyapatite (HA: [Ca.sub.10][(P[O.sub.4]).sub.6][(OH).sub.2]) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP: [Ca.sub.3][(P[O.sub.4]).sub.2]).
Schumacher, "Physicochemical evaluation of bioactive polymeric composites based on hybrid amorphous calcium phosphates
," Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol.
Chemically modified calcium phosphates
as novel materials for bisphosphonate delivery.
When applied to dissolution of calcium phosphate
materials, this technique is based on the principle that dissolution of most calcium phosphates
, such as HA, consumes protons ([H.sup.+] ion).
Ceramic-based bone graft substitutes: include calcium phosphate
, calcium sulfate, and bioglass used alone or in combination (e.g., OsteoGraf [DENTSPLY Friadent CeraMed, Lakewood, Colo], Norian SRS [Synthes, Inc, West Chester, Pa], ProOsteon [Interpore Cross International, Irvine, Calif], Osteoset [Wright Medical Technology, Inc, Arlington, Tenn]).
* Bioavailability of calcium from calcium phosphate
in humans is comparable to milk