Joseph Louis François Bertrand

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bertrand, Joseph Louis François


Born Mar. 11, 1822, in Paris; died there Apr. 3,1900. French mathematician. Member of the Academy of Sciences in Paris (1856). Professor (1862) at the Collège de France.

In particular, Bertrand established certain specific criteria for the convergence of number series as well as one theorem in the theory of groups. He was the author of mathematics textbooks for secondary schools and colleges.


Traité de calcul différentiel et de calcul intégral, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1864–70.
Calcul des probabilités. Paris, 1889.
In Russian translation:
Differentsial’noe ischislenie. St. Petersburg, 1911.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Calcul des probabilites. Generalisation du probleme resolu par M.
Les lecons de calcul des probabilites de Joseph Bertrand.
Lecons elementaires sur le calcul des probabilites. Paris: Gauthier-Villars.
Here the argument emerges that, in the eighteenth century, 'le calcul des probabilites devient en quelque sorte la description mathematique du sens commun' (p.