Kolkata

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Kolkata

(kôlkŭt`ə), formerly

Calcutta

(kălkŭt`ə), city (1991 pop. 10,916,272), capital of West Bengal state, E India, on the Hugli River. It is the second largest city in India and one of the largest in the world. Ten of Kolkata's suburbs—Haora, South Suburban City, Bhatpara, South Dum Dum, Kamarhati, Garden Reach, Panihati, Baranagar, Hugli-Chinsura, and Serampore—have well over 100,000 people each. The area of the Kolkata metropolitan area is 228.5 sq mi (591 sq km), extending more than 40 miles along the Hugli. Kolkata is the major seaport (see HaldiaHaldia
, city (1991 pop. 100,109), West Bengal, NE India. Haldia is being developed as a major trade port for Kolkata (Calcutta), intended mainly for bulk cargoes. The city has a fertilizer factory and a refinery, in addition to various light industries.
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) and industrial center of E India; jute is milled, and textiles, chemicals, paper, and metal products are manufactured. Bengali, Hindi, and Urdu are the main languages. The city has terrible poverty, chronic unemployment, overcrowding, inadequate transportation, and resultant social unrest.

Kolkata was founded c.1690 as Calcutta by the British East India CompanyEast India Company, British,
1600–1874, company chartered by Queen Elizabeth I for trade with Asia. The original object of the group of merchants involved was to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade with the East Indies.
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. In 1756 the nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daula, captured Kolkata and killed most of its garrison by imprisoning it overnight in a small, stifling room, known as the notorious "Black Hole." Robert CliveClive, Robert, Baron Clive of Plassey
, 1725–74, British soldier and statesman. He went to India in 1743 as a clerk for the British East India Company and entered the military service of the company in 1744; he soon distinguished himself in the fighting against the French.
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 retook the city in 1757. From 1833 to 1912, the city was the capital of British India.

The Univ. of Calcutta (founded 1857), Jadavpur Univ., and the Indian Museum, which houses one of the world's outstanding natural history collections, are in the city. The Maidan, a large river-front park, is Kolkata's most attractive section. A subway through the central section of the city opened in 1986. The city was officially renamed Kolkata (its name in Bengali) in 2001.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tras llevar a cabo el analisis de este destino reanudamos la ruta y continuamos con la siguiente parada: la ciudad de Calcuta, conocida por la mision que realizo alli Maria Teresa de Calcuta.
La ciudad de Calcuta es el telon de fondo de 36, Choringhee Lane.
Despues de haber estado 2 meses y medio en Calcuta y puesto que me he propuesto llevar un Diario durante mis viages voi ahacer una descripcion de esta Ciudad Calcuta--Es la ciudad principal de la provincia de Bengala y la Capital de las posesiones Britanicas en las Indias Orientales, esta situada en 22[grados] 33' latitud N.
Ele apareceu sem avisar, sem telefonar antecipadamente, batendo simplesmente na porta, do modo como se faz em Calcuta, e gritando "Boudi
Treinta anos antes, tras una gran hambruna, Angrahit habia salido huyendo del pueblo a Calcuta, con su hermano Bisesar.
De esta manera "cultivaron el favor de los mogoles" en una etapa de conquista disimulada, caracterizada por concesiones y compras de asentamientos, como Chuttanuttee, Govindpore, el puerto de Tegnapatam (mas tarde Fuerte San David) y Calcuta, iniciando fortificaciones "cautelosamente para no alarmar al gobierno nativo".
Nehru impulso la aprobacion del Delivery of Books and Newspapers Act en 1954, en el que se obligaba a los editores de libros y periodicos a depositar una copia en la National Library de Calcuta y abogo por recoger los derechos laborales de los periodistas en The Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees Act de 1955.
No todo es miseria--mocosos de barrigas en apuros, sin madre, desnudos y sucios, sueltos entre montones de escombros en calles asquerosas; no siempre es una vieja molesta y desdentada, encogida y descarnada, la cual, abordandote en la acera, se te apega fuertemente, declarando que no tiene otro refugio; no es siempre el barrio de barracas en Calcuta o Bombay donde durante el monzon, el pus de la ciudad supura, y las mujeres, con bebes en sus pechos avanzan con dificultad por el agua de los desagues sucios, por las cunetas de las calles para alcanzar sus casuchas; no es siempre algun leproso expuesto, sus extremidades desparramadas en un carro, un bol arrugado de lata para suplicas, en equilibrio entre brazos lisiados que empuja su companero vendado.
Desse modo, personalidades como Madre Teresa de Calcuta, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela e Kofi Annan e organizacoes como o Comite Internacional da Cruz Vermelha, Medicos Sem Fronteiras e a Organizacao das Nacoes Unidas foram contemplados com o premio.
Dr Oscar Cicco of the Maria Teresa de Calcuta Hospital, where the star was taken, said: "We put him in intensive care as a precautionary measure, given his history.
Sources at Maria Teresa de Calcuta Hospital in Buenos Aires have said his life is not currently in danger.

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