Calderón Bridge(käldārōn`), site of a decisive battle in the Mexican revolution against Spain, fought on the Lerma River E of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. On Jan. 17, 1811, insurgents commanded by Hidalgo y CostillaHidalgo y Costilla, Miguel
, 1753–1811, Mexican priest and revolutionary, a national hero. A creole intellectual, he was influenced by the French Revolution. As parish priest of the village of Dolores, Hidalgo attempted to improve the lot of the natives.
..... Click the link for more information. met the royalists under Calleja del ReyCalleja del Rey, Félix María
, 1750–1826, Spanish general, viceroy of New Spain (1813–16), conde de Calderón. In command of the post of San Luis Potosí when the revolution under Hidalgo y Costilla broke out, he led a large force into the
..... Click the link for more information. . On the point of victory, Hildalgo's men were panicked by the explosion of an ammunition wagon. Their flight led to the collapse of the independence movement under Hidalgo.