Caldwell, Zoe

Caldwell, Zoe

(Zoe Ada Caldwell) (zō), 1933–2020, Australian theater actress. From the late 1950s she played many Shakespearean roles first with England's Royal Shakespeare Company and then at Ontario's Stratford Festival. Caldwell had major roles with Minneapolis's Guthrie Theater in its first season (1965), and then won the first of four Tony Awards for her perfomance in Tennessee WilliamsWilliams, Tennessee
(Thomas Lanier Williams), 1911–83, American dramatist, b. Columbus, Miss., grad. State Univ. of Iowa, 1938. One of America's foremost 20th-century playwrights and the author of more than 70 plays, he achieved his first successes with the productions of
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's Slapstick Tragedy (1966). She won critical acclaim and a second Tony as an opinionated Scottish teacher in The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1968). Her other Tony-winning roles were in Medea (1982), directed by her husband, Robert Whitehead, and in Master Class (1996), Terrence McNallyMcNally, Terrence,
1939–2020, American playwright, b. St. Petersburg, Fla., grad. Columbia, 1960. Known for his dark humor, social satire, and focus on human isolation and the need to connect, he often wrote about the lives of gay men and those around them in the age of
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's moving portrait of Maria CallasCallas, Maria Meneghini
, 1923–77, Greek-American soprano, b. New York City. At 13, Callas moved to Greece, where she studied at the Royal Conservatory in Athens. Her professional debut took place in 1947 at Verona.
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's late career. Whitehead directed her in a number of other plays, notably Lillian (1986), about Lillian HellmanHellman, Lillian,
1905–84, American dramatist, b. New Orleans. Her plays, although often melodramatic, are marked by intelligence and craftsmanship. The Children's Hour
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. Caldwell also directed plays, e.g., the off-Broadway Vita & Virginia (1994), and appeared in a few films, e.g., Just a Kiss (2002) and Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close (2011), and television dramas.

Bibliography

See her memoir, I Will Be Cleopatra (2001).

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