calendula

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Related to Calendulas: Calendula officinalis

calendula

(kəlĕn`jələ), any species of the genus Calendula, Old World plants of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family). The common calendula (C. officinalis), an annual with yellow to deep orange flower heads produced through a long blooming season, was a popular garden flower in Shakespeare's time—his "marigold." Its dried florets have been used as a food coloring and for flavoring stews and soups (whence the name pot marigold) and have also long been used medicinally. Calendula is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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calendula

calendula

A great flower for eating, calendula blossoms are peppery, tangy, and spicy. Beautiful golden color. Sharp taste similar to saffron. Use to add yellow color to dishes. Anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, acne, controls bleeding, menstrual cycle, soothes irritated tissues, rashes, sunburn, radiation pain, abdominal cramps, constipation, anti-tumor, duodenal ulcers. Used on slow-healing wounds (helps grow new healthy cells). Some people may have reactions. Do not take while pregnant.

Calendula

 

a genus of plants of the family Compositae. They are subshrubs and perennial or annual herbs with rami-form stems and entire leaves. The inflorescences are solitary calathide heads on long flower stalks. The numerous ligulate flowers are yellow, pistillate, and proliferous. The tubular flowers are bisexual but do not bear fruit. The achenes are incurved (annular); the exterior achenes are shaped differently from the middle and interior ones. There are more than 20 species of Calendula, distributed primarily from the Mediterranean region to Iran. Species are also found in Central Europe; there are four species in the USSR. They grow along seacoasts, in shrub thickets, and on cliffs. Some species, such as the marigold (Calendula arvensis), grow as weeds. Many varieties of the pot marigold (C. officinalis) have been cultivated for a long time. This species has mainly double yellow and orange flowers of all shades. It is also a medicinal plant, providing a gargle for inflamed mouth infections and an ointment for boils, wounds, and ulcers. The oily extract from the ligulate flowers is used as a food dye. In some countries, dried calathide heads are used as a seasoning for soups and sauces.

O. M. POLETIKO

calendula

1. any Eurasian plant of the genus Calendula, esp the pot marigold, having orange-and-yellow rayed flowers: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. the dried flowers of the pot marigold, formerly used medicinally and for seasoning
References in periodicals archive ?
Na propriedade estudada, verificou-se que a producao anual de calendula desidratada corresponde a 10kg [ha.sup.-1].
Segundo SILVA JUNIOR (2006), a producao de calendula no Estado de Santa Catarina e voltada para o mercado interno, destinada ao comercio regional, estadual e nacional, sendo uma das especies mais utilizadas em cosmeceutica.
Outro fator que o produtor mencionou como importante foi o excesso de chuva, que tem prejudicado a plantacao da calendula, impedindo seu crescimento e favorecendo aumento de doencas e proliferacao de pragas.
Atualmente, do total da area produtiva, aproximadamente tres hectares ou 13,3% da area total sao reservados para o cultivo de plantas medicinais, tais como calendula, camomila, funcho, alcachofra, maracuja, hortela, melissa, cana-cidreira, entre outras.
Questionado sobre a utilizacao da calendula pela familia, o agricultor mencionou que a planta tem sido pouco aproveitada, sendo somente empregada em ferimentos expostos devido as suas propriedades "curativas e cicatrizantes", auxiliando na prevencao de infeccoes.
Explicando resumidamente as etapas de plantio da calendula, o produtor informou que primeiramente e feita a semeadura por volta do mes de junho, utilizando-se as sementes obtidas da colheita do ano anterior.
Conforme orientacoes obtidas pelo agricultor junto a Pastoral da Saude, a colheita da calendula deve ser realizada no periodo matutino, devido a maior quantidade de compostos (principios ativos) presentes nas flores neste turno do dia.
Apenas um produtor de plantas medicinais foi contatado por deter maior conhecimento sobre o cultivo e producao da calendula e ser um dos poucos fornecedores desta especie na regiao sul do Estado.
Nessa perspectiva, apresentam-se resultados de estudo de caso sobre o cultivo organico de Calendula officinalis L., realizado no municipio de Grao-Para, Estado de Santa Catarina, evidenciando particularidades e discrepancias frente aos modelos de cultivo ja descritos na literatura.
The English marigold, or calendula, is the easiest sort to start with.