Calidris


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Calidris

 

a genus of birds of the family Charadriidae of the suborder Charadriiformes. The body is 12-23 cm long and has long, sharp wings. The bill is straight or slightly decurved. The coloration is dark with mottled markings above and white below. Sometimes the underparts are reddish yellow or black. There are 17 species, distributed mainly in the tundras of Europe, Asia, and North America. Fifteen species are found in the USSR. Most species migrate south for the winter, some traveling as far as the southern tip of Australia, Africa, or South America. The birds build nests on the ground. A clutch contains four eggs, which are incubated by both the male and the female. The birds feed mainly on small invertebrates, which they dig from the top layers of the soil or gather from the ground.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Blomert AM (1992) Why knot Calidris canutus take medium -sized Macoma balthica when six prey species are available?
Berth occupancy was managed at the port at 605 on Tuesday where a total of eight ships namely C.V Calidris, C.V Maersk Kinloss, C.V Al-Khor,j M.V Julia Oldendroff, M.V Trans Shanghai, M.V Orion-3, m.T Al-Bum, M.T Sky Ploeg and m.T Black Parl are currently occupying terminals to load/offload containers, coal, canola seeds, soya bean seeds, chemicals, LPG, palm oil and diesel oil, chemicals, LPG respectively during last 24 hours.
The architectonic similarity of Calidris and Actitis to other birds made it easier to define the limits of the area of interest in our stereological and morphometric assays.
It also was found that, while pursuing dunlins (Calidris alpina), aerial attacks (refered to as low stealth attacks or flock chases) were used most frequently in hunting these shorebirds that remained close to the ground (Buchanan et al., 1988).
Mae'r aber hon yn bwysig dros ben ar gyfer adar, a rhydwyr yn arbennig - rhai fel pibydd y mawn (Calidris alpina; dunlin), cornchwiglen (Vanellus vanellus; lapwing), pioden for (Haematopus ostralegus; oystercatcher) a'r gylfinir (Numenius arquata; curlew), a does ryfedd yn y byd fod arlunwyr fel Tunnicliffe a Philip Snow wedi dewis ymgartrefu yma er mwyn cael digon o gyfle i dynnu lluniau'r adar yma.
1996), a decrease in time available for foraging in less suitable sites (as reviewed by Frid & Dill 2002), and we could expect a higher nocturnal activity rate to compensate for this, as has been found for the sanderling Calidris alba (Burger & Gochfeld 1991) and the snow goose Chen caerulescens atlantica (Belanger & Bedard 1990).We did not observe this in our study, likely because the high available earthworm biomass in meadows (about 1 ton/ha; Granval &Bouche 1993) does not constrain the instantaneous intake rate and easily allows woodcocks to compensate for a loss of diurnal foraging.