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a small sandpiper, Calidris (or Erolia) alpina, of northern and arctic regions, having a brown back and black breast in summer
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Calidris alpina), also red-backed sandpiper, a bird of the family Charadriidae of the suborder Limicolae. The body length is about 20 cm. The upper parts are reddish brown, and underparts are dark. The dunlin is distributed in the tundras of Eurasia and North America, as well as along the shores of the Baltic and North seas. It is a migratory bird. Unmated birds roam the steppes of Western Siberia and Kazakhstan in the summer. The nests are on the ground. The clutch contains four eggs, which are incubated by both the male and female for 21 to 22 days. The diet consists of small invertebrates.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Geographical variation and taxonomy of the Dunlin Calidris alpina (L.).
Results of bird ringing in Poland: Migrations of Dunlin Calidris alpina. Acta Ornithologica 19(5):113-136.
Roosting behavior of premigratory Dunlins (Calidris alpina).
Breeding ecology and annual cycle adaptations of the Red-backed Sandpiper (Calidris alpina) in northern Alaska.
Latitudinal differences in the breeding and molt schedules of Alaskan Red-backed Sandpipers (Calidris alpina).
Stopover length, body mass and fuel deposition rate in autumn migrating adult Dunlins Calidris alpina: Evaluating the effects of moulting status and age.
Bill lengths, wintering areas, and taxonomy of North American Dunlins, Calidris alpina. The Auk 88(4):893-901.
The migration and wintering of Dunlin Calidris alpina in North-West Africa.
Migration of dunlin Calidris alpina: a worldwide overview.
Geographical variation and taxonomy of the dunlin Calidris alpina. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 106: 43-56.
Reproduction and survival in a declining population of the southern dunlin Calidris alpina schinzii.
A new subspecies of dunlin, Calidris alpina littoralis from the Sakhalin island.