Califano, Joseph A., Jr.
Califano, Joseph A. (Anthony), Jr.(1931– ) lawyer, cabinet member; born in New York City. A Wall Street lawyer, he rose rapidly in the Defense Department (1961–65), becoming Secretary McNamara's assistant. As President Lyndon Johnson's special assistant (1965–69), Califano designed his anti-poverty programs. As Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1977–79), he tried unsuccessfully to reorganize that agency, resuming his legal practice afterward.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.