California Current


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Related to California Current: Kuroshio current

California Current

[¦kal·ə¦fȯr·nyə]
(oceanography)
The ocean current flowing southward along the western coast of the United States to northern Baja California.

California Current

 

a cold current in the northeast Pacific Ocean, the eastern periphery of the northern subtropical clockwise circulation of surface waters. It moves from the north to the south along California as the southern branch of the North Pacific Drift. In the south it passes into the North Equatorial Current. Width, 550-650 km; velocity, 1-2 km/hr. The mean water temperature in February varies from 12°C in the north to 25°C in the south; in August the respective figures are 17°C to 26°C. The salinity in the north is 33-34 parts per thousand.

References in periodicals archive ?
Interannual and interdecadal comparisons of species distribution and community structure of pelagic nekton have demonstrated that the northern California Current ecosystem can vary between months and years (Brodeur et al.
Most of these species have ocean-going larvae which were likely exported offshore and carried southward by the California current, which was then in place.
The apparent trend in Dover sole maturation rates may reflect local adaptation to latitudinal differences in oceanographic properties of the California Current (U.
Distributional atlas of fish larvae and eggs in the California Current Region: Taxa with 1000 or more total larvae, 1951-1984.
Calanoid copepods in the California Current system also have exhibited population-level step changes in abundance in response to strong ENSO events and PDO shifts (Rebstock, 2002).
Seasonal and nonseasonal variability of satellite-derived chlorophyll and colored dissolved organic matter concentration in the California Current.
For example, in 2005 the spring transition off Vancouver Island occurred in late April, but persistent upwelling did not develop until late July (3) after the development of strong upwelling favorable wind stress in the northern California Current (Pierce et al.
For the past 50 years, McGowan has studied the California current, a deep-sea flow of water about 1,000 km (600 mi) off California's coast.
Patterns of low-frequency variability in fish populations of the California Current.

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