California Current


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Related to California Current: Kuroshio current

California Current

[¦kal·ə¦fȯr·nyə]
(oceanography)
The ocean current flowing southward along the western coast of the United States to northern Baja California.

California Current

 

a cold current in the northeast Pacific Ocean, the eastern periphery of the northern subtropical clockwise circulation of surface waters. It moves from the north to the south along California as the southern branch of the North Pacific Drift. In the south it passes into the North Equatorial Current. Width, 550-650 km; velocity, 1-2 km/hr. The mean water temperature in February varies from 12°C in the north to 25°C in the south; in August the respective figures are 17°C to 26°C. The salinity in the north is 33-34 parts per thousand.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mesoscale structure and oceanographic determinants of krill hotspots in the California Current: Implications for trophic transfer and conservation.
Variability of egg escapement, fishing mortality and spawning population in the market squid fishery in the California Current Ecosystem.
In 2007 and 2008, years previously identified as having high mean concentrations (>60 individuals/1000 [m.sup.3]) of rockfish larvae in the northern California Current ecosystem (Auth, 2011), we identified the rosethorn rockfish as an indicator species.
Distributional atlas of fish larvae and eggs in the California Current Region: Taxa with 1000 or more total larvae, 1951-1984.
For example, in 2005 the spring transition off Vancouver Island occurred in late April, but persistent upwelling did not develop until late July (3) after the development of strong upwelling favorable wind stress in the northern California Current (Pierce et al., 2006; Fleischer ct al.
Influence of the 1997-98 El Nino on the surface chlorophyll in the California current. Geophysical Research Letters.
Climatic warming and the decline of zooplankton in the California Current. Science 267: 1324-1326,
Prominent features were a strong positive association with sea surface temperature S of San Diego and in the eastern tropical Pacific, and an equally strong negative association with sea level pressure directly above the California Current, in an area centered approximately over 30-40 [degrees] N and 120-130 [degrees] W, just off the Patton Escarpment [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 7 OMITTED].
It is hypothesized that the population dynamics of intertidal barnacle species along the central California coast reflect the dynamics of the California Current System and wind-induced upwelling (Farrell et al.
The cold-water California Current and the warmer Southern California Counter Current converage to create a periodic upwelling of nutrient-laden water that fosters exceptionally high production of phytoplankton and other plant growth.
Founded in 1987 by David Packard (who also underwrote the aquarium's construction), MBARI is dedicated to studying the ecology of Monterey Bay, which is distinguished by a 2-mile-deep canyon and by the cleansing action of the California Current. The clarity of these deep-sea images puts home TV to shame.
On the other hand, there are two main marine current systems in northwestern Mexico: the California Current (CC) and the North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC).

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