poppy

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poppy

poppy, common name for some members of the Papaveraceae, a family composed chiefly of herbs of the Northern Hemisphere having a characteristic milky or colored sap. Most species are native to the Old World; many are cultivated in gardens for their brilliantly colored if short-lived blossoms. Many of the species have several varieties and show a wide range of colors, especially in red, yellow, and white shades.

The true poppy genus is Papaver, but many flowers of related genera are also called poppies. The most frequently cultivated are the Oriental poppy (P. orientale), usually bearing a large scarlet flower with a purplish black base, and the corn poppy (P. rhoeas) and its variety, the Shirley poppy. Other well-known species include the arctic Iceland poppy (P. nudicaule), the celandine poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) of North America, and the cream cups (Platystemon californica) and California poppy, or eschscholtzia (Eschscholtzia californica), of the W United States (the latter is the state flower of California).

The Old World greater celandine (Chelidonium majus), also called swallowwart or wartweed, was formerly believed efficacious in removing warts and in restoring failing eyesight. (The lesser celandine is an unrelated plant of the buttercup family.) The orange-red sap of the bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), an early spring wildflower of E North America, was used by Native Americans as a dye and skin stain. This and many other members of the family are employed for various medicinal purposes.

Economically, the most important plant in the family is the opium poppy (P. somniferum), now widely cultivated from Europe to East Asia. The milky sap of its unripe seed pods is the source of opium and several other similar drugs, e.g., morphine, codeine, and heroin. Poppyseed, also called maw seed, is not narcotic; used as birdseed and for a flavoring or garnish in baking, it is also ground for flour. Poppy oil, derived from the seeds, is employed in cooking and illumination and in paints, varnishes, and soaps.

The poppy has been the symbol of the dead and of sleep since antiquity. The poppies of “Flanders fields” are celebrated in a poem by John McCrae and are the Memorial Day or Armistice Day (Veterans' Day in the United States) emblem of World War veterans. Poppies are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Papaverales, family Papaveraceae.

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poppy

Poppies contain both morphine and codeine, which are pain-relieving drugs that are still used today. They come in all colors, with 4-6 petals. Many contain opiates, so they make you feel peaceful. Ancient doctors had their patients eat poppy seeds to relieve pain. The seeds contain the most medicinal properties. Poppy is used for pain, insomnia, nervousness, and chronic coughs. Don’t use if you’re being tested for drugs, as it can cause you to test positive.(This includes poppy seeds used in baked goods!)
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

poppy

[′päp·ē]
(botany)
Any of various ornamental herbs of the genus Papaver, family Papaveraceae, with large, showy flowers; opium is obtained from the fruits of the opium poppy (P. somniferum).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

poppyhead, poppy

poppyhead
An ornament generally used for the finials of pew ends and similar pieces of church furniture.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

poppy

of Greece. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

poppy

symbol of consolation. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 176; Kunz, 329]
See: Grief

poppy

attribute of Hypnos, Greek god of sleep. [Art: Hall, 250]
See: Sleep
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

poppy

1. any of numerous papaveraceous plants of the temperate genus Papaver, having red, orange, or white flowers and a milky sap: see corn poppy, Iceland poppy, opium poppy
2. any of several similar or related plants, such as the California poppy, prickly poppy, horned poppy, and Welsh poppy
3. Obsolete any of the drugs, such as opium, that are obtained from these plants
4. a strong red to reddish-orange colour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Antisense RNA-mediated suppression of benzophenanthridine alkaloids biosynthesis in transgenic cell culture of California poppy, Plant Physiol.
The California Poppy, the State Flower of California, is a true hardy annual that can be sown in spring to flower profusely in the first summer.
For instance, the California poppy dressed in vivacious orange.
The best included the California poppy fruit crush (Thompson and Morgan), which produced masses of yellow, orange, pink and red flowers from the end of July to the end of August.
The best included the California poppy Fruit Crush (Thompson & Morgan, 01473 695 225, www.thompsonmorgan.com), which produced masses of yellow, orange, pink and red flowers from the end of July to the end of August.
The best included the California poppy 'Fruit crush' (Thompson & Morgan, 01473 695 225, www.thompson-morgan.com), which produced masses of yellow, orange, pink and red flowers from the end of July to the end of August.
The best included the California poppy 'Fruit crush' (Thompson and Morgan, 01473 695 225, www.thompson-morgan.com), which produced masses of yellow, orange, pink and red flowers from the end of July to the end of August.
This all-black outfit features a hand sewn, fully-lined and completely carved belt, holster and billet, complemented repros of the sterling silver "raspberry" and California Poppy spots and conchas Moore used, The layout and placement of each silver spot is identical to the original, including the three small spots on the outside edge of each "buscadero" slot, A left-hand holster slot has been provided should the lucky winner decide to make this rig a "double."
Montana A few deer resistant plants Flower Species Species Approximate Size Reason for Repel Mexican Marigold 20-inches Aromatic/Toxic Black-eyed Susan 2-feet Aromatic Bird of Paradise 5-feet Unknown California Poppy 1-foot Toxic Corn Poppy 2-5 feet Toxic Calla Lily 2-feet Burns Mouth Zinnia 6-8 inches Unknown Common Sunflower 5-foot Coarse Foliage Note: Deer will readily eat and love sunflower seeds after they have ripened.
Native plants including the California poppy also have their counterparts in intricately detailed clumps of weeds and grasses.
Hops flowers, California poppy, skullcap and catnip can all be used to make relaxing teas, and some herbs used in aromatherapy are especially calming, such as chamomile, rose, lavender, passion flower and lemon balm.
For example, bo (native to India), California poppy, and chamomile flower essences are listed as useful for MS; comfrey and khat (native to Africa) are indicated as potentially beneficial for rejuvenating or regenerating damaged neurological tissue (all available from Pegasus Products).

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