The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a spa in the Vîlcea District of Rumania. Located in the valley of the Oltul River in the foothills of the South Carpathian Mountains.

Călimăneşti has a mild, moderately humid climate with an annual precipitation of 700 mm and a mean annual temperature of 9.7°C. There are approximately 30 mineral springs at the resort. Most of the spring waters are of the chloride-sodium type and contain hydrogen sulfide (from 1.1 to 88 mg/l). The temperature of the water is 10°-15°C. There are also slightly mineralized hydrocarbonate-chloride-sodium and .hydrocarbonate-sulfate-calcium-sodium-magnesium springs.

The water is used for drinking, baths, inhalations, irrigations, and other purposes. Treatment is provided for individuals suffering from diseases of the digestive tract, kidneys, urinary tract, and the organs of motor and support; metabolic disorders; disorders in peripheral circulation of the blood; and gynecological ailments.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
--Thus tertiary activities are developing in touristic cities such as Baile Olanesti, Calimanesti, Baile Govora, as well as in Ramnicu Valcea, Craiova, Targu-Jiu, Dragasani, Orsova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin Municipalities.
If a resort like Baile Olanesti, Calimanesti Caciulata, Baile Govora and even Ocnele Mari attract a considerable number of tourists at the opposite pole there are situated Salatrucu and Costestiul, towns which once owned mineral waters and specific arrangements (designed by specialists for the spa balneology).
At the request of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism (MDRT), the French company Detente Consultants (2009) developed a research program targeting 15 main Romanian spas (Mangalia, Eforie Nord, Covasna, Slanic Moldova, Vatra Dornei, Borsec, Baile Herculane, Buzias, Sovata, Bazna, Ocna Sibiului, Baile Felix, Baile Tusnad, Calimanesti and Govora).
The situation in the cities and municipalities from Valcea County was presented this way: PSD-UNPR-PC alliance won in ten on the 11 localities: Ramnicu Valcea, Olanesti, Calimanesti, Dragasani, Ocnele Mari, Balcesti, Berbesti, Brezoi, Horezu and Babeni; PNL won only in Baile Govora, and PDL had a good return at Berbesti (19%) (, 2014).
28-32, ISBN: 978-981-08-5840-7, Calimanesti, May 2010,
In 1948 agencies were set up of the Romanian National Bank in the localities: Ramnicu Valcea, Dragasani, Calimanesti, Babeni and Balcesti.