(redirected from Caliphs)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Caliphs: Abbasid Caliphs


, calif, kalif, khalif
Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey



the spiritual and secular head of the Muslim community and of the theocratic Muslim state, or caliphate. The caliphs were regarded at first as deputies of Allah’s messenger Muhammad, and later—from the time of the Umayyads—as deputies of Allah himself on this earth. Beginning with the first half of the tenth century, the title of caliph was adopted by the Fatimids and by the Umayyads in Spain, as well as by the Abbasids. After the fall of the Abbasid caliphate in the 13th century, the title was used by the heads, or sultans, of certain Muslim states (for example, the Turkish sultans) who claimed spiritual sovereignty over all the world’s Muslims. See references under .

References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Waley says that under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, copies of the "definitive edition" were distributed.
General Al-Sisi understand that; the only way he can control Egyptians is through turning military statehood to a new religion and proclaiming himself as the self-righteous caliph.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Khalid bin al-Walid, who after becoming Muslim won every war he joined in the name of Allah, was removed from his position as commander by Caliph Omar.
The Iranians built palaces of the Caliphs in Baghdad like Sassanid palaces in Madain [1].
KARACHI -- Muslims across the world observed YaumeShahadat (the day of martyrdom) of Islam's second caliph Hazrat Umar Farooq (Radi Allahu ta'ala Anhu).
Ayman Al-Zawahiri declared themselves as Caliphs, who were much higher in militant stature than Baghdadi.
All these glorious inventions are designed to fool people into thinking that he has some kind of extra-religious status: Abu Bakr is the name of the first Caliph, Baghdad was the long-time capital of the medieval caliphs, and using Al Hussain and Al Quraysh is designed to manufacture Al Badri's tribal links to the Prophet (PBUH).
10) Namely, where earlier biographers depicted Umar II as the fifth of the Rightly Guided Caliphs (rashidun), bolstering his reputation through an association with earlier authorities, in Ibn Asakir's account problematic aspects of the early civil wars and fitna-ridden rashidun period are also elided through their association with the famously pious Umar II.
After the first four caliphs who succeeded Mohammed, the caliphate lived its golden age in the Omayyad empire from the year 661 to 750, and then under the Abbasids, from 750 to 1517.
It is the age of fabrications and travesties to conspire against Tripoli and Sunnis by inaugurating anonymous princes and caliphs over them.
Filling the tables of caliphs and noblemen, these sumptuous desserts of saffron and rose water conjure the opulence and grandeur of the medieval Islamic world.
Meanwhile, thousands of people demonstrated in Ramadi and Fallujah, denouncing offending a number of Prophet's companions and the Caliphs.