Calixtus III

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Related to Calixtus III: Calixtus II, Alfonso Borgia, Pope Callixtus II

Calixtus III,


Callixtus III,


Callistus III,

1378–1458, pope (1455–58), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Alonso de Borja or, in Italian, Alfonso Borgia; successor of Nicholas V. He acted as arbitrator between his friend Alfonso V of Aragón and the papacy, and for this he was made a cardinal (1444). Calixtus was elected soon after the fall of Constantinople, and he promptly proclaimed a crusade against the Turks. He spared nothing to aid John HunyadiHunyadi, John
, Hung. Hunyadi János, c.1385–1456, Hungarian national hero, leader of the resistance against the Ottomans. He was chosen (1441) voivode [governor] of Transylvania under King Uladislaus I (Ladislaus III of Poland) and won numerous victories over
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, who won a victory with St. John Capistran at Belgrade (1456). In 1457, Calixtus turned to ScanderbegScanderbeg
or Skanderbeg
, c.1404–1468, Albanian national hero. His original name was George Castriota or Kastriotes, but the Ottomans called him Iskender Bey, and this was corrupted into Scanderbeg.
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, in Albania, sent him money, and named him captain general of the crusade. Calixtus' reign was embittered by a quarrel with Alfonso, who expected returns, notably the march of Ancona, for his friendship. The pope would not give away church lands and resented Alfonso's failure to help the crusade. Calixtus' nepotism gave the Borgia family its position in Italy. Calixtus was, like other Borgias, an able administrator. He was succeeded by Pius II.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps taking his cue from Pope Calixtus III's declination to sort out (or at least name) any authenticated miracles in Vincent's case, Pietro Ranzano adopted what, from this distance, appears to be an extremely cavalier attitude to the miracles presented in the canonization inquests, picking and choosing to suit his own ends and without any regard to canon law standards of evidence.
A nephew of Calixtus III and father of Cesare and Lucrezia, Rodrigo exerted tremendous efforts in order to secure wealth and high station for his children.
In 1458 Pope Calixtus III had called him 'the man sent by God'.