Callao


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Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2015, we expect growth of 5% in total tonnage throughput at Callao to 30.7mn tonnes.
Key Industry Trends APM Terminals Invests USD750mn In Callao Terminal Expansion
Our short break was to the small yet perfectly formed resort of Callao Savaje, which lies about 18 miles from Tenerife South Airport on the Costa Adeje.
Minimum-security prisoners joined national prisons officials in the audience of Tuesday night's performance in the Sarita Colonia prison in Lima's port of Callao. The patio was protected by dozens of armed guards.
Tenerife from PS328pp: Take a break on an allinclusive holiday at the three-star Blue Sea Callao Garden in the coastal town of Callao Salvaje.
The three-star Callao Garden Apartments are located in the peaceful resort of Callao Salvaje in the South West of Tenerife and are ideal for a quiet break in the Canarian sunshine.