Callao

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Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
Se realizo en la zona costera de la Bahia del Callao, Peru. La Bahia del Callao (BC) es importante desde el punto de vista industrial, turistico y recreacional; sin embargo, existen problemas de contaminacion de sus aguas costeras, provenientes principalmente de colectores domesticos, industriales, agricolas, y de sedimentos de minerales resultantes de la carga y descarga de concentrados de minerales.
Evaluacion de la diversidad especifica de las aves de los humedales de Ventanilla, Callao, Peru. Tesis para optar el titulo de licenciado en Ciencias Biologicas.
(1) Laboratorio Costero de Pisco, Instituto del Mar del Peru, Callao, Peru
Localizacion de las estaciones de muestreo del Area de Conservacion Regional Humedales de Ventanilla, Callao, Peru
El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar un diagnostico microbiologico en los cuerpos de agua usados por la poblacion que vive en los alrededores del ACR Humedales de Ventanilla (Callao, Peru).
The new service is wholly-operated by CMA CGM vessels and offers weekly and direct deployments to San Antonio, Chile; Callao, Peru; and Buenaventura, Colombia.
The new service is wholly-operated by CMA CGM vessels and will offer weekly and direct service to San Antonio, Chile; Callao, Peru; and Buenaventura, Colombia.
Limited supplies continued putting pressure on bunker prices in Callao, Peru and Guayaquil last week.
In the eastern Pacific, Fistularia cometa occurs as far north as Huntington Beach, southern California (Curtis and Herbinson 2001) and southwards to Callao, Peru (Chirichigno and Velez 1998), including the Gulf of California (Fischer et al.
En el virreinato septentrional, el capital comercial se habia convertido en el motor de una economia que expandio sus lazos a las regiones mas distantes del virreinato, asi como a otros espacios del Imperio, tales como las Antillas, Guatemala, el Callao, Peru y Filipinas.
Scotsman Alexander Robertson and his pirates hijacked the Liverpool brig, Peruvian, in Callao, Peru.