Callao

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Callao

(käyou`), city (1993 pop. 376,165), capital of the constitutional prov. of Callao, W Peru, on Callao Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is Peru's major seaport. The harbor is sheltered by an island and a small peninsula. Its main exports are metals, minerals, and fish products; imports include wheat, lumber, and machinery. Callao was founded in 1537, at the same time that Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
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 founded Lima. As the gateway to Lima it was frequently attacked. The English navigator Sir Francis Drake sacked the city in 1578. It was held by Spanish loyalists until 1826, even though Peru achieved independence in 1821. During the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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), Callao was occupied (1881–83) by Chile. Subjected to earthquakes and tsunamis, the city was completely destroyed in 1746 and was severely damaged in 1940. Several landmarks from the colonial period survive. An airport, a university, and Peru's military and naval schools are in Callao.

Callao

 

a city in Peru, near Lima. Population, 335, 400(1970). Callao is a seaport on the Pacific Ocean. It is served bya railroad and several highways. Fishing vessels are producedthere, and it has metalworking, chemical, textile, and food (fish-processing, meat) industries. It is a fishing center, the main catchbeing anchovies.

References in periodicals archive ?
2) Proyecto FINCyT, Instituto del Mar del Peru, Esquina Gamarra y General Valle s/n Chucuito, Callao, Peru
This performance was driven by strong growth in the Asia Pacific, UAE, Africa and Americas regions, as well as new volumes from recently acquired Suriname and additional capacity in Callao, Peru and Qingdao, China.
The company said this performance was driven by "strong growth in the Asia Pacific, UAE, Africa and Americas regions, as well as new volumes from recently-acquired Suriname and additional capacity in Callao, Peru and Qingdao, China".
This performance was driven by strong growth in the Asia-Pacific, the UAE, Africa and Americas regions, as well as new volumes from recently acquired Suriname and additional capacity in Callao, Peru and Qingdao, China.
Nolberto Albino Solano Todco first saw the light of God's earth in Callao, Peru, 36 years ago, the last of seven siblings born into an unforgiving country of 25 million folk somehow scraping an existence to keep family together.
Additionally, Carl Vinson participated in a number of local community activities during a port call in Callao, Peru.
DP World's new marine terminal development at Callao, Peru has been honoured by a visit from top officials from the UAE and Peru, including Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs.
In the second operation, this one in Puerto Quetzal on the Pacific Coast, police confiscated suitcases containing a total of 210 kg of the drug from a container hailing from Callao, Peru.
Calle Jose Santos Chocano 199, Bellavista, Callao, Peru.
Choice of and preference for home child-birth in Callao, Peru
Between October 2002 and September 2003, evaluations of MIB were developed in the Rimac River downstream from Atarjea, Lima- Callao, Peru.