The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Kallatis), an ancient Greek city-state on the western shore of the Black Sea (present-day Mangalia, Rumania).

Founded at the end of the sixth century B.C., Callatis quickly became a large city-state (polis) with a highly developed economy. From the early 330’s B.C. to 281 B.C. it was subject to Macedonia. Between 313 and 305 B.C. the inhabitants of Callatis were in a state of rebellion, which was supressed by Lysimachus. More than 1,000 Callatian citizens fled to the Bosporan State. Under Mithridates VI, Callatis became part of Pontus. In 28 B.C. it became part of the Roman province of Moesia. In the first half of the seventh century a.d., Callatis was destroyed during the Avar and Slav invasions. Excavations (from 1901, O. Tafrali, T. Sauciuc-Saveanu, and R. Vulpe) have uncovered the remains of massive defensive walls, city blocks, temples, public and private buildings, and numerous works of art, inscriptions, and household objects. The necropolises have been investigated. In one of the burials dating from the fourth century B.C., the remains of a Greek manuscript on papyrus were found.


Blavatskaia, T. V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v. VII-I vv. do n. e. Moscow, 1952.
Preda, K. Kallatis. Bucharest, 1963. T. V. Blavatskaia
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Balkan cities from the Roman Empire Period can be counted among those which use coins that depict the god of health, Aesculapius: Ainos (Enez/Turkey), Anchialos (Pomorie/Bulgaria), Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora/Bulgaria), Bizya (Vize/Turkey), Callatis (Mangalia/Romania), Deultum (Burgas/Bulgaria), Hadrianopolis (Edirne/Turkey), Markianopolis (Devnya/Bulgaria), Mesembria (Nesebar/Bulgaria), Pautalia (Kyustendil/Bulgaria), Plotinopolis (Dimetoka/Greece), Philippopolis (Plovdiv/Bulgaria), Serdica (Sophia/Bulgaria), Tapiros (Xanti/Greece), Traianopolis (Dimetoka/Greece), and Tomis (Constanta/Romania).
Callatis High School, Rozelor 36, Mangalia, Romania
S-a acreditat ideea potrivit careia, Episcopia Tomisului a fost ridicata la rangul de mitropolie de imparatul Anastasios I (491-518) si avea sub jurisdictie 14 episcopii: Anaxiopolis (Cernavoda), Capidava, Bifainos, Caupros; Nicomidia; Dessu, Salsovia, Halmyris, Tropaeum Traiani, Zeldipa, Dionysopolis, Callatis, Histria, Constantiniana Daphne, resedinte episcopale sunt citate in lucrarea Synekdemos a lui Hieracles.