Callias

Callias

(kăl`ēəs), fl. 449 B.C., Athenian statesman; he was related to Cimon and also to Aristides. He distinguished himself at the battle of Marathon (490 B.C.) and was a three-time winner of the Olympic chariot races. Callias was sent to Susa to negotiate for peace c.449 B.C. The result of his work was an agreement usually called the Peace of Callias (or Treaty of Callias); by it Artaxerxes IArtaxerxes I
, d. 425 B.C., king of ancient Persia (464–425 B.C.), of the dynasty of the Achaemenis. Artaxerxes is the Greek form of "Ardashir the Persian." He succeeded his father, Xerxes I, in whose assassination he had no part.
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 agreed to respect the independence of the Delian League and its members and to send no warships into Greek waters; in return Athens agreed not to interfere with Persian "influence" in Asia Minor, Cyprus, and Egypt. There is doubt that such a treaty was actually ever drawn up; however, peace did exist between Persia and the cities of Greece until the end of the century. According to ancient historians, when Callias returned to Athens he was fined 50 talents for betraying the city. Callias was also supposed to have been one of the negotiators of a treaty between Athens and Sparta (446–445 B.C.) that resulted in 30 years of peace.

Callias,

d. c.370 B.C., Athenian leader, one of the generals of the Peloponnesian War. In his old age Callias was one of the ambassadors sent to Sparta with Callistratus to negotiate a peace treaty in 371 B.C. The treaty was ineffective, and friction between EpaminondasEpaminondas
, d. 362 B.C., Greek general of Thebes. He was a pupil of Lysias the Pythagorean, but his early life is otherwise obscure. As the Theban delegate to the peace conference of 371 B.C. he refused to surrender his claim to represent all Boeotia.
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 of Thebes and Agesilaus IIAgesilaus II
, c.444–360 B.C., king of Sparta. After the death of Agis I (398? B.C.), he was brought to power by Lysander, whom he promptly ignored. After the Peloponnesian War the Greek cities in Asia Minor had not been ceded to Persia despite Sparta's promises, and in
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 of Sparta became acute. Callias was a rich man and his wealth was ridiculed by his contemporaries, including Aristophanes. His house is the scene of Xenophon's Symposium and Plato's Protagoras.
References in classic literature ?
There is at this time a Parian philosopher residing in Athens, of whom I have heard; and I came to hear of him in this way:--I came across a man who has spent a world of money on the Sophists, Callias, the son of Hipponicus, and knowing that he had sons, I asked him: 'Callias,' I said, 'if your two sons were foals or calves, there would be no difficulty in finding some one to put over them; we should hire a trainer of horses, or a farmer probably, who would improve and perfect them in their own proper virtue and excellence; but as they are human beings, whom are you thinking of placing over them?
8: "And when we have the whole, such and such a form in this flesh and these bones, this is Callias or Socrates; and they are different on account of their matter, for that is different; but they are the same in form; for the form is indivisible.
She was the daughter of Miltiades, sister of Cimon, wife of Callias, and linked in a number of anecdotes to Pericles.
las ideas y las cosas que participan de ellas> must have only the name in common, and it is as if one were to call both Callias and a wooden image a 'man' (.
the morbid, if deliriously hilarious, anecdote concerning Jean Keck, Ernest Cabaner, a shared pair of clothes and an apartment fire, 51-52); salons such as those of Nina de Callias and Antoine Cros; and, last but not least, what the author refers to perspicaciously as the "nebuleuse Parnassienne i.
For instance, 'the physician does not cure a man, except in some incidental way, but Callias or Socrates or some other called by some such individual name, who happens to be a man'.
Y el mas bello homenaje a Nina de Villard que podemos contemplar: el retrato que Manet le hizo en 1873, en pose y vestimenta argelinas: La dame aux eventails, Nina de Callias (Musee d'Orsay, inventario RF2850).
I think that this would give a straightforward reading of the famous passage: "And when we have the whole, such and such a form in this flesh and in these bones, this is Callias or Socrates; and they are different in virtue of their matter (for that is different), but the same in form; for their form is indivisible.
The same characteristics, as well as Socrates' attitude of superiority, are mentioned by Ameipsias in the Konnos and Callias in the Captives, of which only fragments survive.
Bosa e Callias (2000) examinaram as principais teorias psicologicas que abordam esse tema e que divergem na atribuicao de causalidade ao quadro (afetiva, cognitiva, biologica), debatendo se o transtorno e decorrente de deficits inatos ou ambientais.
This is evident when we observe how The Orator of "Lazarus Pyott," a series of cases each assigned both a pro and a con speech, includes a great number of the Controversiae, but in a concentrated form, in a given case arranging select lines of several of Seneca's declaimers into two monologues; rather than bits and pieces of many different declaimers speaking as or for Cimon, we have in The Orator one speech on Cimon's behalf, his pro se defense, and another in the voice of the plaintiff, his aggrieved father-in-law Callias.
Xenophon's Symposium by contrast consists in a witty contest between Socrates and Callias at a feast given by Callias for his eromenus ('beloved'; adolescent boy aged 12-17) Autolycus and his father.