The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of branchy bushes of the buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family. The young shoots are green, jointed, and almost without leaves. They appear in a cluster from the axils of woody branches. The leaves are small, threadlike or needlelike, and free or grown together, with cones. They fall early. The blossoms are bisexual, with simple perianths and one to three (sometimes five) trumpets in the axils. The fruit is a nut with tunicate or leathery wings or setae forming a circle.

There are more than 150 varieties of Calligonum, found in sandy deserts and the steppes of western Siberia, Middle Asia, Central Asia, the Near East, and North Africa. In the USSR there are 125 species (according to other sources, 54), chiefly in Kazakhstan and Middle Asia. The most widely found species are Gürke (C. aphyllum) and rushes (C. junceum). They are used for soil retention, and their wood is used for fuel. The green shoots and fruits are eaten by camels and sheep.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Khan et al., "Potential biosorbent derived from calligonum polygonoides for removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution," Scientific World Journal, vol.
Ahmed, "Flavonoids of Calligonum polygonoides and their cytotoxicity," Pharmaceutical Biology, vol.
Yan, "Photosynthetic characteristics of C4 desert plants Haloxylon ammodendron and Calligonum mongolicum under different water conditions," Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol.
mopane Annual rainfall Shrubs zone (mm) 150-300 Calligonum polygonoides, Ziziphus nummularia, Citrullus colocynthis, Ziziphus mauritiana 300-400 Z.
Calligonum comosum a plant with rich ethnomedical applications, has been also introduced as potential anti-microbial, anti-helminthic agent, possesses strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties Mossa, J.S.; et al.
The species Cenchrus biflorus, Cenchrus ciliaris, Aristida funiculata, Tribulus longipetalus, Mollugo cerviana, Indigofera hocstetteri, Euphorbiaprostrata, Gisekiapharnaceoides, Dipterygium gluacum, Capparis decidua, Calligonum polygonoides and Ochthochloa compressa were found much associated toS3 and the soil layer L1, as they had maximum number of seeds.
Consequently, Ren and Tao [43] reported that concentrated sulphuric acid treatment recorded superior germination rate in Calligonum species compared to scarification treatment.
The most common tree in the reserve is Haloxylon ammodendron, and the typical shrubs are Anabasis salsa, Atraphaxis frutescens, Calligonum mongolicum, Ceratocarpus arenarius, Ceratoides latens, and Reaumuria soongorica.
Calligonum polygonoides Throughout the year###Camel, Cattle, Goat
Mey.) Bunge, Calligonum mongolicum Turcz., Tamarix chinensis Lour., Nitraria sphaerocarpa Maxim, and Reaumuria soongorica (Pall.) Maxim.